Purpose: There are many therapeutic options for Meniere's disease (MD); intratympanic (IT) gentamicin has been proposed for intractable cases although controversy about dosage and method exists. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of low-dose IT gentamicin on vertigo attacks in MD using a clinical symptomatology-based method in which administration was repeated only if vertigo attacks recurred, with a 2-week interval between injections. Materials and methods: Forty-eight patients with unilateral intractable MD were included in the study. All patients received one to five IT injections with 0.5 ml of 10 mg of gentamicin (80 mg/2 ml) with an interval of 2 weeks between injections. Vertigo attacks were evaluated before and after therapy and categorized into classes A–F according to the 2015 Equilibrium Committee criteria. Audiovestibular assessment with pure tone audiometry, vestibular bed-side examination and video head impulse test was performed. Results: Before treatment patients had an average of 4.4 vertigo attacks/month; after treatment the average number decreased to 0.52. The majority of patients (77%) reached Class A vertigo control with 5 or less gentamicin injections. VOR gain was unaffected in the healthy side and significantly reduced in the affected side. No hearing deterioration was found in all treated patients. Conclusions: Low-dose IT gentamicin administration based on clinical symptomatology can produce a satisfactory control of vertigo attacks after treatment; such protocol had an effect mainly on the vestibular function as demonstrated by the significant reduction in VOR gain in the affected side avoiding a cochlear damage.

Low-dose intratympanic gentamicin administration for unilateral Meniere's disease using a method based on clinical symptomatology: Preliminary results / Scarpa, A.; Ralli, M.; Cassandro, C.; Gioacchini, F. M.; Alicandri-Ciufelli, M.; Viola, P.; Chiarella, G.; de Vincentiis, M.; Cassandro, E.. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY. - ISSN 0196-0709. - 40:6(2019). [10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102289]

Low-dose intratympanic gentamicin administration for unilateral Meniere's disease using a method based on clinical symptomatology: Preliminary results

Ralli M.
Secondo
;
Viola P.;de Vincentiis M.
Penultimo
;
2019

Abstract

Purpose: There are many therapeutic options for Meniere's disease (MD); intratympanic (IT) gentamicin has been proposed for intractable cases although controversy about dosage and method exists. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of low-dose IT gentamicin on vertigo attacks in MD using a clinical symptomatology-based method in which administration was repeated only if vertigo attacks recurred, with a 2-week interval between injections. Materials and methods: Forty-eight patients with unilateral intractable MD were included in the study. All patients received one to five IT injections with 0.5 ml of 10 mg of gentamicin (80 mg/2 ml) with an interval of 2 weeks between injections. Vertigo attacks were evaluated before and after therapy and categorized into classes A–F according to the 2015 Equilibrium Committee criteria. Audiovestibular assessment with pure tone audiometry, vestibular bed-side examination and video head impulse test was performed. Results: Before treatment patients had an average of 4.4 vertigo attacks/month; after treatment the average number decreased to 0.52. The majority of patients (77%) reached Class A vertigo control with 5 or less gentamicin injections. VOR gain was unaffected in the healthy side and significantly reduced in the affected side. No hearing deterioration was found in all treated patients. Conclusions: Low-dose IT gentamicin administration based on clinical symptomatology can produce a satisfactory control of vertigo attacks after treatment; such protocol had an effect mainly on the vestibular function as demonstrated by the significant reduction in VOR gain in the affected side avoiding a cochlear damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1412789
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