In this contribution we dismantle the perceived role of marine resources and plant foods in the subsistence economy of Holocene foragers of the Central Mediterranean using a combination of dental calculus and stable isotope analyses. The discovery of fish scales and flesh fragments, starch granules and other plant and animal micro-debris in the dental calculus of a Mesolithic forager dated to the end of the 8th millenium BC and buried in the Vlakno Cave on Dugi Otok Island in the Croatian Archipelago demonstrates that marine resources were regularly consumed by the individual together with a variety of plant foods. Since previous stable isotope data in the Eastern Adriatic and the Mediterranean region emphasises that terrestrial-based resources contributed mainly to Mesolithic diets in the Mediterranean Basin, our results provide an alternative view of the dietary habits of Mesolithic foragers in the Mediterranean region based on a combination of novel methodologies and data.

Dental calculus and isotopes provide direct evidence of fish and plant consumption in Mesolithic Mediterranean / Cristiani, Emanuela; Radini, Anita; Dušan, Borić; Robson, Harry K.; Caricola, Isabella; Carra, Marialetizia; Mutri, Giuseppina; Oxilia, Gregorio; Zupancich, Andrea; Šlaus, Mario; Vujević, Dario. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:1(2018), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s41598-018-26045-9]

Dental calculus and isotopes provide direct evidence of fish and plant consumption in Mesolithic Mediterranean

Emanuela Cristiani
Primo
;
Dušan Borić;Isabella Caricola;Marialetizia Carra;Giuseppina Mutri;Andrea Zupancich;
2018

Abstract

In this contribution we dismantle the perceived role of marine resources and plant foods in the subsistence economy of Holocene foragers of the Central Mediterranean using a combination of dental calculus and stable isotope analyses. The discovery of fish scales and flesh fragments, starch granules and other plant and animal micro-debris in the dental calculus of a Mesolithic forager dated to the end of the 8th millenium BC and buried in the Vlakno Cave on Dugi Otok Island in the Croatian Archipelago demonstrates that marine resources were regularly consumed by the individual together with a variety of plant foods. Since previous stable isotope data in the Eastern Adriatic and the Mediterranean region emphasises that terrestrial-based resources contributed mainly to Mesolithic diets in the Mediterranean Basin, our results provide an alternative view of the dietary habits of Mesolithic foragers in the Mediterranean region based on a combination of novel methodologies and data.
dental calculus; isotope analysis; fish; plant foods; Mesolithic; Mediterranean
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Dental calculus and isotopes provide direct evidence of fish and plant consumption in Mesolithic Mediterranean / Cristiani, Emanuela; Radini, Anita; Dušan, Borić; Robson, Harry K.; Caricola, Isabella; Carra, Marialetizia; Mutri, Giuseppina; Oxilia, Gregorio; Zupancich, Andrea; Šlaus, Mario; Vujević, Dario. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:1(2018), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s41598-018-26045-9]
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accesso aperto

Note: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-26045-9
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.65 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.65 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1412237
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