Background and Objectives: The surgical choice treatment of the breast cancer mostly depends on the stage of the disease. In the last years, breast cancer surgery has moved from being destructive to being more respectful of the anatomical and physiological integrity of the gland. The aim of the breast surgery should be finalized to obtain the best aesthetic and functional results, respecting the principles of oncologic radicality. The present study is a retrospective analysis aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of a conservative technique like the nipple-sparing mastectomy. Materials and Methods: We observed 894 patients with a median age of 47.5 years old, underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy between 2002-2017. The data acquired include population and tumor characteristics, patient reconstructive outcomes, including locoregional, regional, and distant metastases; other variables, among nipple-areola complex necrosis and infection were collected. Results: The complications detected were considered as “early” within 1 month later the nipplesparing mastectomy or “late” after this time. The overall complications rate (early and late) and the overall survival and the relapses detected by this study were comparable with those reported in the literature. In order to identify factors that correlate with complications, either early or later, it has been processed an evaluation of the univariate analysis showing adjuvant chemotherapy as the only predictive factor for late complications, while we encountered no predictors for early complications. Conclusions: The present study adds to the data already present in literature, demonstrating that the nipple-sparing mastectomy is a safe procedure, providing good oncological and aesthetic results in patients carefully selected.

Nipple-sparing mastectomy long-term outcomes: Early and late complications / Metere, A.; Fabiani, E.; Lonardo, M. T.; Giannotti, D.; Pace, D.; Giacomelli, L.. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1010-660X. - 56:4(2020), p. 166. [10.3390/medicina56040166]

Nipple-sparing mastectomy long-term outcomes: Early and late complications

Metere A.
Primo
;
Giannotti D.;
2020

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The surgical choice treatment of the breast cancer mostly depends on the stage of the disease. In the last years, breast cancer surgery has moved from being destructive to being more respectful of the anatomical and physiological integrity of the gland. The aim of the breast surgery should be finalized to obtain the best aesthetic and functional results, respecting the principles of oncologic radicality. The present study is a retrospective analysis aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of a conservative technique like the nipple-sparing mastectomy. Materials and Methods: We observed 894 patients with a median age of 47.5 years old, underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy between 2002-2017. The data acquired include population and tumor characteristics, patient reconstructive outcomes, including locoregional, regional, and distant metastases; other variables, among nipple-areola complex necrosis and infection were collected. Results: The complications detected were considered as “early” within 1 month later the nipplesparing mastectomy or “late” after this time. The overall complications rate (early and late) and the overall survival and the relapses detected by this study were comparable with those reported in the literature. In order to identify factors that correlate with complications, either early or later, it has been processed an evaluation of the univariate analysis showing adjuvant chemotherapy as the only predictive factor for late complications, while we encountered no predictors for early complications. Conclusions: The present study adds to the data already present in literature, demonstrating that the nipple-sparing mastectomy is a safe procedure, providing good oncological and aesthetic results in patients carefully selected.
2020
Breast cancer; Mastectomy; Nipple-sparing mastectomy; Nipple-sparing outcome
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Nipple-sparing mastectomy long-term outcomes: Early and late complications / Metere, A.; Fabiani, E.; Lonardo, M. T.; Giannotti, D.; Pace, D.; Giacomelli, L.. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1010-660X. - 56:4(2020), p. 166. [10.3390/medicina56040166]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1405500
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