Increasing arsenic environmental concentrations are raising worldwide concern for its impacts on human health and ecosystem functionality. In order to cope with arsenic contamination, bioremediation using fungi can represent an efficient, sustainable, and cost-effective technological solution. Fungi can mitigate arsenic contamination through different mechanisms including bioaccumulation. In this work, four soil saprotrophic fungi Absidia spinosa, Purpureocillium lilacinum, Metarhizium marquandii, and Cephalotrichum nanum, isolated from soils with naturally high arsenic concentrations, were tested for their ability to tolerate different sodium arsenite concentrations and accumulate As in different cultural conditions. pH medium after fungal growth was measured to study pH variation and metabolic responses. Arsenic bioaccumulation and its influence on the uptake of other elements were investigated through multi-elemental analysis using hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Considering the increasing interest in siderophore application for metal bioremediation, the production of siderophores and their affinity for both Fe and As were also evaluated. All species were able to tolerate and accumulate As in their biomass in all of the tested conditions and produced siderophores with different affinities for Fe and As. The results suggest that the tested fungi are attractive potential candidates for the bioremediation of As contaminated soil and worthy of further investigation.

Fungi and arsenic. Tolerance and bioaccumulation by soil saprotrophic species / Ceci, Andrea; Spinelli, Veronica; Massimi, Lorenzo; Canepari, Silvia; Persiani, Anna Maria. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 10:9(2020). [10.3390/app10093218]

Fungi and arsenic. Tolerance and bioaccumulation by soil saprotrophic species

Ceci, Andrea
;
Spinelli, Veronica
;
Massimi, Lorenzo;Canepari, Silvia;Persiani, Anna Maria
2020

Abstract

Increasing arsenic environmental concentrations are raising worldwide concern for its impacts on human health and ecosystem functionality. In order to cope with arsenic contamination, bioremediation using fungi can represent an efficient, sustainable, and cost-effective technological solution. Fungi can mitigate arsenic contamination through different mechanisms including bioaccumulation. In this work, four soil saprotrophic fungi Absidia spinosa, Purpureocillium lilacinum, Metarhizium marquandii, and Cephalotrichum nanum, isolated from soils with naturally high arsenic concentrations, were tested for their ability to tolerate different sodium arsenite concentrations and accumulate As in different cultural conditions. pH medium after fungal growth was measured to study pH variation and metabolic responses. Arsenic bioaccumulation and its influence on the uptake of other elements were investigated through multi-elemental analysis using hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Considering the increasing interest in siderophore application for metal bioremediation, the production of siderophores and their affinity for both Fe and As were also evaluated. All species were able to tolerate and accumulate As in their biomass in all of the tested conditions and produced siderophores with different affinities for Fe and As. The results suggest that the tested fungi are attractive potential candidates for the bioremediation of As contaminated soil and worthy of further investigation.
2020
Absidia spinosa; arsenic; arsenite tolerance; bioaccumulation; Cephalotrichum nanum; Metarhizium marquandii; multi-elemental analysis; Purpureocillium lilacinum; siderophores; soil fungi
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Fungi and arsenic. Tolerance and bioaccumulation by soil saprotrophic species / Ceci, Andrea; Spinelli, Veronica; Massimi, Lorenzo; Canepari, Silvia; Persiani, Anna Maria. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 10:9(2020). [10.3390/app10093218]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1405423
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