We consider the high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a noncollinear geometry as a paradigmatic scenario to investigate the quantum-to-classical transition by increasing the pump power, that is, the average number of generated photons. The possibility of observing quantum correlations in such a macroscopic quantum system through dichotomic measurement will be analyzed by addressing two different measurement schemes, based on different dichotomization processes. More specifically, we will investigate the persistence of nonlocality in an increasing size n/2-spin singlet state by studying the change in the correlations form as n increases, both in the ideal case and in presence of losses. We observe a fast decrease in the amount of Bell's inequality violation for increasing system size. This theoretical analysis is supported by the experimental observation of macro-macro correlations with an average number of photons of about 10(3). Our results shed light on the practical extreme difficulty of observing nonlocality by performing such a dichotomic fuzzy measurement.

Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion / Vitelli, Chiara; Spagnolo, Nicolo'; Lorenzo, Toffoli; Sciarrino, Fabio; DE MARTINI, Francesco. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 1050-2947. - 81:3(2010). [10.1103/physreva.81.032123]

Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion

VITELLI, Chiara;SPAGNOLO, NICOLO';SCIARRINO, Fabio;DE MARTINI, Francesco
2010

Abstract

We consider the high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a noncollinear geometry as a paradigmatic scenario to investigate the quantum-to-classical transition by increasing the pump power, that is, the average number of generated photons. The possibility of observing quantum correlations in such a macroscopic quantum system through dichotomic measurement will be analyzed by addressing two different measurement schemes, based on different dichotomization processes. More specifically, we will investigate the persistence of nonlocality in an increasing size n/2-spin singlet state by studying the change in the correlations form as n increases, both in the ideal case and in presence of losses. We observe a fast decrease in the amount of Bell's inequality violation for increasing system size. This theoretical analysis is supported by the experimental observation of macro-macro correlations with an average number of photons of about 10(3). Our results shed light on the practical extreme difficulty of observing nonlocality by performing such a dichotomic fuzzy measurement.
2010
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion / Vitelli, Chiara; Spagnolo, Nicolo'; Lorenzo, Toffoli; Sciarrino, Fabio; DE MARTINI, Francesco. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 1050-2947. - 81:3(2010). [10.1103/physreva.81.032123]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/140032
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