1 One classical example of how neuropeptides can affect the function of ligand-gated receptors is the modulation of neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) by substance P. The present review updates current understanding of this action by substance P and compares it with other neuropeptides more recently found to modulate nAChRs in the autonomic nervous system. 2 Calcitonin gene-related peptide ( CGRP) and its N-terminal fragments have been shown to exert complex inhibitory as well facilitatory actions on nAChRs. Fragments such as CGRP(1-4), CGRP(1-5) and CGRP(1-6) rapidly and reversibly enhance agonist sensitivity of nAChRs without directly activating those receptors. Longer fragments or the full-length peptide potently inhibit responses mediated by nAChRs via an apparently competitive-type antagonism. This phenomenon differs from the substance P-induced block, which is agonist use-dependent and preferential towards large nicotinic responses. 3 It is argued that the full-length peptides CGRP and substance P might play distinct roles in the activity-dependent modulation of cholinergic neurotransmission, by inhibiting background noise in the case of CGRP or by reducing excessive excitation in the case of substance P. Hence, multiple neuropeptide mechanisms may represent a wide array of fine-tuning processes to regulate nicotinic synaptic transmission. 4 The availability of novel CGRP derivatives with a strong enhancing action on nAChRs may offer new leads for the drug design targeted for potentiation of nAChRs in the autonomic nervous system as well as in the brain, a subject of interest to counteract the deficit of the nAChR function associated with neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.

Modulation of neuronal nicotinic receptor function by the neuropeptides CGRP and substance P on autonomic nerve cells / DI ANGELANTONIO, Silvia; Rashid, Giniatullin; Valeria, Costa; Elena, Sokolova; Andrea, Nistri. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 139:6(2003), pp. 1061-1073. [10.1038/sj.bjp.0705337]

Modulation of neuronal nicotinic receptor function by the neuropeptides CGRP and substance P on autonomic nerve cells

DI ANGELANTONIO, SILVIA;
2003

Abstract

1 One classical example of how neuropeptides can affect the function of ligand-gated receptors is the modulation of neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) by substance P. The present review updates current understanding of this action by substance P and compares it with other neuropeptides more recently found to modulate nAChRs in the autonomic nervous system. 2 Calcitonin gene-related peptide ( CGRP) and its N-terminal fragments have been shown to exert complex inhibitory as well facilitatory actions on nAChRs. Fragments such as CGRP(1-4), CGRP(1-5) and CGRP(1-6) rapidly and reversibly enhance agonist sensitivity of nAChRs without directly activating those receptors. Longer fragments or the full-length peptide potently inhibit responses mediated by nAChRs via an apparently competitive-type antagonism. This phenomenon differs from the substance P-induced block, which is agonist use-dependent and preferential towards large nicotinic responses. 3 It is argued that the full-length peptides CGRP and substance P might play distinct roles in the activity-dependent modulation of cholinergic neurotransmission, by inhibiting background noise in the case of CGRP or by reducing excessive excitation in the case of substance P. Hence, multiple neuropeptide mechanisms may represent a wide array of fine-tuning processes to regulate nicotinic synaptic transmission. 4 The availability of novel CGRP derivatives with a strong enhancing action on nAChRs may offer new leads for the drug design targeted for potentiation of nAChRs in the autonomic nervous system as well as in the brain, a subject of interest to counteract the deficit of the nAChR function associated with neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/139559
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