Purpose Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) may improve interobserver agreement in the risk stratification of thyroid nodules. This study aims to evaluate the performance of the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) classification as estimated by an expert radiologist, a senior resident, a medical student, and a CAD system, as well as the interobserver agreement among them. Methods Between July 2016 and 2018, 107 nodules (size 5-40 mm, 27 malignant) were classified according to the K-TIRADS by an expert radiologist and CAD software. A third-year resident and a medical student with basic imaging training, both blinded to previous findings, retrospectively estimated the K-TIRADS classification. The diagnostic performance was calculated, including sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results The CAD system and the expert achieved a sensitivity of 70.37% (95% CI 49.82-86.25%) and 81.48% (61.92-93.7%) and a specificity of 87.50% (78.21-93.84%) and 88.75% (79.72-94.72%), respectively. The specificity of the student was significantly lower (76.25% [65.42-85.05%], p = 0.02). Conclusion In our opinion, the CAD evaluation of thyroid nodules stratification risk has a potential role in a didactic field and does not play a real and effective role in the clinical field, where not only images but also specialistic medical practice is fundamental to achieve a diagnosis based on family history, genetics, lab tests, and so on. The CAD system may be useful for less experienced operators as its specificity was significantly higher.

Computer-aided diagnostic system for thyroid nodule sonographic evaluation outperforms the specificity of less experienced examiners / Fresilli, Daniele; Grani, Giorgio; De Pascali, Maria Luna; Alagna, Gregorio; Tassone, Eleonora; Ramundo, Valeria; Ascoli, Valeria; Bosco, Daniela; Biffoni, Marco; Bononi, Marco; D'Andrea, Vito; Frattaroli, Fabrizio; Giacomelli, Laura; Solskaya, Yana; Polti, Giorgia; Pacini, Patrizia; Guiban, Olga; Gallo Curcio, Raffaele; Caratozzolo, Marcello; Cantisani, Vito. - In: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND. - ISSN 1876-7931. - 23:2(2020), pp. 169-174. [10.1007/s40477-020-00453-y]

Computer-aided diagnostic system for thyroid nodule sonographic evaluation outperforms the specificity of less experienced examiners

Fresilli, Daniele
Primo
;
Grani, Giorgio
Secondo
;
Alagna, Gregorio;Ramundo, Valeria;Ascoli, Valeria;Bosco, Daniela;Biffoni, Marco;Bononi, Marco;D'Andrea, Vito;Frattaroli, Fabrizio;Giacomelli, Laura;Caratozzolo, Marcello
Penultimo
;
Cantisani, Vito
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Purpose Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) may improve interobserver agreement in the risk stratification of thyroid nodules. This study aims to evaluate the performance of the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) classification as estimated by an expert radiologist, a senior resident, a medical student, and a CAD system, as well as the interobserver agreement among them. Methods Between July 2016 and 2018, 107 nodules (size 5-40 mm, 27 malignant) were classified according to the K-TIRADS by an expert radiologist and CAD software. A third-year resident and a medical student with basic imaging training, both blinded to previous findings, retrospectively estimated the K-TIRADS classification. The diagnostic performance was calculated, including sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results The CAD system and the expert achieved a sensitivity of 70.37% (95% CI 49.82-86.25%) and 81.48% (61.92-93.7%) and a specificity of 87.50% (78.21-93.84%) and 88.75% (79.72-94.72%), respectively. The specificity of the student was significantly lower (76.25% [65.42-85.05%], p = 0.02). Conclusion In our opinion, the CAD evaluation of thyroid nodules stratification risk has a potential role in a didactic field and does not play a real and effective role in the clinical field, where not only images but also specialistic medical practice is fundamental to achieve a diagnosis based on family history, genetics, lab tests, and so on. The CAD system may be useful for less experienced operators as its specificity was significantly higher.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1385065
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