BACKGROUNDAllergy to cow's milk is the most frequent allergy occurring in infants and young children. The dietary management of these patients consists of the elimination of any cow's milk proteins from the diet, and for formula-fed infants, the substitution of the usual infant formula with an adapted formula that is generally based on extensively hydrolyzed cow's milk proteins. The American Academy of Pediatrics has established specific criteria to confirm the hypoallergenicity of a formula intended for these children.AIMTo assess the hypoallergenicity of a new thickened extensively hydrolyzed casein-based formula (TeHCF) in children with cow's milk allergy (CMA).METHODSChildren diagnosed with CMA through a double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) were randomly administered increased doses of a placebo formula or the TeHCF [Allernova, new thickener including fibres (Novalac)] under double-blind conditions and medical surveillance on two separate days. Otherwise, both of these formulas and a cow's milk-based formula were randomly introduced to children who were highly suspected of having CMA on three separate days. Immediate and late reactions occurring after the introduction of any of these formulas were thoroughly recorded by the physician at the hospital and reported by parents to the physician after hospital discharge, respectively. If the children tolerated the TeHCF during the DBPCFC, they were exclusively fed this formula during a 3-mo period where potential allergic symptoms, anthropometric parameters, as secondary outcomes, and adverse events were registered. The Cow's Milk-related Symptoms Score (CoMiSS (TM)) was assessed and anthropometric parameters were compared to World Health Organization (WHO) reference data.RESULTSOf the 30 children included in the study, the CMA diagnosis of 29 (mean age: 8.03 +/- 7.43 mo) patients was confirmed by a DBPCFC. The children all tolerated the TeHCF during both the challenge and the subsequent 3-mo feeding period, which they all completed. During the latter period, the CoMiSS (TM) remained at a very low level, never exceeding its baseline value (1.4 +/- 2.0), growth parameters were within WHO reference standards and no adverse event related to the TeHCF was reported. Over the first week of this period, the proportion of patients with digestive discomfort significantly decreased from 20.7% (6/29) to 3.4% (1/29), P = 0.025. The proportion of satisfaction with the overall effect of the formula reported by the parents and investigator was high, as was the formula acceptability by the child.CONCLUSIONThe new TeHCF meets the hypoallergenicity criteria according to the American Academy of Pediatrics standards, confirming that the tested TeHCF is adapted to the dietary management of children with CMA. Moreover, growth was adequate in the included population.
Hypoallergenicity of a thickened hydrolyzed formula in children with cow's milk allergy / Rossetti, Danilo; Cucchiara, Salvatore; Morace, Alessandra; Leter, Beatrice; Oliva, Salvatore. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CASES. - ISSN 2307-8960. - 7:16(2019), pp. 2256-2268-2268.
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|Titolo:||Hypoallergenicity of a thickened hydrolyzed formula in children with cow's milk allergy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Hypoallergenicity of a thickened hydrolyzed formula in children with cow's milk allergy / Rossetti, Danilo; Cucchiara, Salvatore; Morace, Alessandra; Leter, Beatrice; Oliva, Salvatore. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CASES. - ISSN 2307-8960. - 7:16(2019), pp. 2256-2268-2268.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01l Trial clinico|