Angioleiomyoma (ALM) is a benign tumor of the skin and soft tissues composed of well differentiated smooth muscle cells arranged around and among many vascular channels. Few cases have been reported in the sinonasal region, where ALM may show a variable amount of mature adipose tissue that may make hard the distinction from angiomyolipoma. We report here two cases that presented with a three- and six-month history of left nasal obstruction respectively. In both patients, clinical examination and imaging studies failed to reveal features of tuberous sclerosis complex and demonstrated a mass obliterating the nasal cavity arising from the inferior turbinate. Both masses were endoscopically excised. Pathologic analysis revealed highly vascularized tumors composed of well differentiated smooth muscle cells intermingled with a variable number of mature adipocytes. Immunostaining for melanocytic markers was negative. Based on these findings, both tumors were diagnosed as sinonasal-ALM with adipocytic differentiation. These two cases indicate that both clinical data (i.e. absence of features of tuberous sclerosis complex) and immunohistochemistry (i.e. absence of melanocytic markers) are mandatory for the recognition of sinonasal-ALM with adipocytic differentiation. The term angiomyolipoma to identify these lesions is confusing and should be abandoned.

Sinonasal angioleiomyoma with adipocyte differentiation: clinicopathologic study of 2 cases and review of the literature / D'Aguanno, V.; Ralli, M.; De Vincentiis, L.; Remotti, D.; Minni, A.; Greco, A.; Corsi, A.; de Vincentiis, M.. - In: EAR, NOSE & THROAT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0145-5613. - (2019). [10.1177/0145561319878302]

Sinonasal angioleiomyoma with adipocyte differentiation: clinicopathologic study of 2 cases and review of the literature

D'Aguanno V.
Primo
;
Ralli M.
Secondo
;
De Vincentiis L.;Minni A.;Greco A.;Corsi A.
Penultimo
;
de Vincentiis M.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Angioleiomyoma (ALM) is a benign tumor of the skin and soft tissues composed of well differentiated smooth muscle cells arranged around and among many vascular channels. Few cases have been reported in the sinonasal region, where ALM may show a variable amount of mature adipose tissue that may make hard the distinction from angiomyolipoma. We report here two cases that presented with a three- and six-month history of left nasal obstruction respectively. In both patients, clinical examination and imaging studies failed to reveal features of tuberous sclerosis complex and demonstrated a mass obliterating the nasal cavity arising from the inferior turbinate. Both masses were endoscopically excised. Pathologic analysis revealed highly vascularized tumors composed of well differentiated smooth muscle cells intermingled with a variable number of mature adipocytes. Immunostaining for melanocytic markers was negative. Based on these findings, both tumors were diagnosed as sinonasal-ALM with adipocytic differentiation. These two cases indicate that both clinical data (i.e. absence of features of tuberous sclerosis complex) and immunohistochemistry (i.e. absence of melanocytic markers) are mandatory for the recognition of sinonasal-ALM with adipocytic differentiation. The term angiomyolipoma to identify these lesions is confusing and should be abandoned.
2019
angioleiomyoma; angiomyolipoma; angiolipoleiomyoma; adipocyte differentiation; differential diagnosis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Sinonasal angioleiomyoma with adipocyte differentiation: clinicopathologic study of 2 cases and review of the literature / D'Aguanno, V.; Ralli, M.; De Vincentiis, L.; Remotti, D.; Minni, A.; Greco, A.; Corsi, A.; de Vincentiis, M.. - In: EAR, NOSE & THROAT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0145-5613. - (2019). [10.1177/0145561319878302]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1381221
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