This research examines for the 1st time the effects of relative deprivation and relative gratification, based on social comparison, on implicit and overt forms of discrimination toward the outgroup in a minimal group setting. Study 1 showed that compared to a control condition, relative deprivation and relative gratification enhanced implicit discrimination-measured through variations of linguistic abstraction in intergroup descriptions. Whereas both relative deprivation and relative gratification produced linguistic ingroup favoritism, linguistic productions of relatively deprived groups also conveyed outgroup derogation. Study 2 showed that relatively deprived and relatively gratified groups were overtly discriminatory in intergroup allocations of negative outcomes. The effects of relative deprivation were mediated by perceived intergroup rivalry and, in part, by perceived common fate. Perceived common fate partly accounted for the effects of relative gratification. Study 3 focused on mediators of relative gratification. First, members of relatively gratified (vs. control) groups worried about losing the ingroup advantage, which together worked as sequential mediators of discrimination. Second, relatively gratified groups reported higher existential guilt, which, in turn, was related to expectations of discrimination by the relatively deprived outgroup, and these sequentially mediated the effects of relative gratification. Overall, these studies highlight that both relative deprivation and relative gratification enhance intergroup discrimination and contribute to the understanding of the underlying processes. © 2014 American Psychological Association.

Badly off or better off than them? The impact of relative deprivation and relative gratification on intergroup discrimination / Moscatelli, Silvia; Albarello, Flavia; Prati, Francesca; Rubini, Monica. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3514. - 107:2(2014), pp. 248-264. [10.1037/a0036704]

Badly off or better off than them? The impact of relative deprivation and relative gratification on intergroup discrimination

Albarello Flavia;Prati Francesca;
2014

Abstract

This research examines for the 1st time the effects of relative deprivation and relative gratification, based on social comparison, on implicit and overt forms of discrimination toward the outgroup in a minimal group setting. Study 1 showed that compared to a control condition, relative deprivation and relative gratification enhanced implicit discrimination-measured through variations of linguistic abstraction in intergroup descriptions. Whereas both relative deprivation and relative gratification produced linguistic ingroup favoritism, linguistic productions of relatively deprived groups also conveyed outgroup derogation. Study 2 showed that relatively deprived and relatively gratified groups were overtly discriminatory in intergroup allocations of negative outcomes. The effects of relative deprivation were mediated by perceived intergroup rivalry and, in part, by perceived common fate. Perceived common fate partly accounted for the effects of relative gratification. Study 3 focused on mediators of relative gratification. First, members of relatively gratified (vs. control) groups worried about losing the ingroup advantage, which together worked as sequential mediators of discrimination. Second, relatively gratified groups reported higher existential guilt, which, in turn, was related to expectations of discrimination by the relatively deprived outgroup, and these sequentially mediated the effects of relative gratification. Overall, these studies highlight that both relative deprivation and relative gratification enhance intergroup discrimination and contribute to the understanding of the underlying processes. © 2014 American Psychological Association.
2014
Group-based emotions; Intergroup discrimination; Relative deprivation; Relative gratification
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Badly off or better off than them? The impact of relative deprivation and relative gratification on intergroup discrimination / Moscatelli, Silvia; Albarello, Flavia; Prati, Francesca; Rubini, Monica. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3514. - 107:2(2014), pp. 248-264. [10.1037/a0036704]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Moscatelli_Badly_ 2014.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 188.94 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
188.94 kB Adobe PDF   Contatta l'autore

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1373051
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 67
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 62
social impact