Purpose: Plasmids of the incompatibility group X type 3 (IncX3) were described carrying various carbapenemase genes in carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) worldwide and in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), as well. To understand the driving force behind the emergence of such plasmids in the UAE, the relationship between IncX3 plasmids encountered locally and globally was investigated. Methods: CPE strains isolated in the UAE during 2009-2014 were screened by X3 PCR-based replicon typing. The clonal relationship of CPE carrying IncX3 plasmids was determined by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Complete sequence of selected IncX3 plasmids was determined. Phylogenetic relationship between the carbapenemase carrying IncX3 plasmids from the UAE and of those reported worldwide was established by comparing the plasmid backbones. Results: 10.2% of the 295 CPE tested were identified to carry IncX3 plasmids: 13 Escherichia coli, 13 Klebsiella pneumoniae, two Enterobacter cloacae, one Citrobacter freundii and one Morganella morganii isolate, respectively. Most of them were non-clonal; with small clusters of triplets and pairs of E. coli and K. pneumoniae, and a cluster of five K. pneumoniae ST11 exhibiting >90% similar PFGE patterns, respectively. The 30 isolates harbored either bla NDM-1, bla NDM-4, bla NDM-5, bla NDM-7, bla OXA-181 or bla KPC-2 carbapenemase genes on IncX3 plasmids. Phylogenetic analysis of the backbone region of IncX3 plasmids carrying various beta-lactamase genes from the UAE (n=23) and that of North-America, Europe, Asia and Australia (n=35) revealed three clusters based on the carbapenemase genes carried: plasmids harboring bla OXA-181 and bla NDM-5 formed two distinct groups, whereas backbones of plasmids with bla NDM-1, bla NDM-4 and bla NDM-7 clustered together. Each cluster contained plasmids of diverse geographical origin. Conclusion: The findings suggest that different carbapenemase gene carrying IncX3 plasmids encountered in the UAE do not evolve locally, rather are subtypes of this epidemic plasmid emerging in this country due to international transfer.
Epidemic IncX3 plasmids spreading carbapenemase genes in the United Arab Emirates and worldwide / SF, Mouftah; Pal, T; Darwish, D; Ghazawi, A; Villa, L; Carattoli, A; Sonnevend, Á. - In: INFECTION AND DRUG RESISTANCE. - ISSN 1178-6973. - 12(2019), pp. 1729-1742. [10.2147/IDR.S210554]
|Titolo:||Epidemic IncX3 plasmids spreading carbapenemase genes in the United Arab Emirates and worldwide|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Epidemic IncX3 plasmids spreading carbapenemase genes in the United Arab Emirates and worldwide / SF, Mouftah; Pal, T; Darwish, D; Ghazawi, A; Villa, L; Carattoli, A; Sonnevend, Á. - In: INFECTION AND DRUG RESISTANCE. - ISSN 1178-6973. - 12(2019), pp. 1729-1742. [10.2147/IDR.S210554]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|