Recent scientific investigations have reported a number of essential oils to interfere with intracellular signalling pathways and to induce apoptosis in different cancer cell types. In this paper, Lavandin Essential Oil (LEO), a natural sterile hybrid obtained by cross-breeding L. angustifolia × L. latifolia, was tested on human leukaemia cells (HL60). Based on the MTT results, the reduced cell viability of HL60 cells was further investigated to determine whether cell death was related to the apoptotic process. HL60 cells treated for 24 h with LEO were processed by flow cytometry, and the presence of Annexin V was measured. The activation of caspases-3 was evaluated by western blot and immunofluorescence techniques. Treated cells were also examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy to establish the possible occurrence of morphological alterations during the apoptotic process. LEO main compounds, such as linalool, linalyl acetate, 1,8-cineole, and terpinen-4-ol, were also investigated by MTT and flow cytometry analysis. The set of obtained results showed that LEO treatments induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent, but not time-dependent, manner on HL60 cells, while among LEO main compounds, both terpinen-4-ol and linalyl acetate were able to induce apoptosis.

Apoptotic effects on HL60 human leukaemia cells induced by lavandin essential oil treatment / Masci, V. L.; Ovidi, E.; Taddei, A. R.; Turchetti, G.; Tiezzi, A.; Giacomello, P.; Garzoli, S.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:3(2020). [10.3390/molecules25030538]

Apoptotic effects on HL60 human leukaemia cells induced by lavandin essential oil treatment

Giacomello P.;Garzoli S.
2020

Abstract

Recent scientific investigations have reported a number of essential oils to interfere with intracellular signalling pathways and to induce apoptosis in different cancer cell types. In this paper, Lavandin Essential Oil (LEO), a natural sterile hybrid obtained by cross-breeding L. angustifolia × L. latifolia, was tested on human leukaemia cells (HL60). Based on the MTT results, the reduced cell viability of HL60 cells was further investigated to determine whether cell death was related to the apoptotic process. HL60 cells treated for 24 h with LEO were processed by flow cytometry, and the presence of Annexin V was measured. The activation of caspases-3 was evaluated by western blot and immunofluorescence techniques. Treated cells were also examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy to establish the possible occurrence of morphological alterations during the apoptotic process. LEO main compounds, such as linalool, linalyl acetate, 1,8-cineole, and terpinen-4-ol, were also investigated by MTT and flow cytometry analysis. The set of obtained results showed that LEO treatments induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent, but not time-dependent, manner on HL60 cells, while among LEO main compounds, both terpinen-4-ol and linalyl acetate were able to induce apoptosis.
apoptosis; caspase-3; electron microscopy; flow cytometry; HL60; Immunofluorescence techniques; lavandin essential oil; MTT test
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Apoptotic effects on HL60 human leukaemia cells induced by lavandin essential oil treatment / Masci, V. L.; Ovidi, E.; Taddei, A. R.; Turchetti, G.; Tiezzi, A.; Giacomello, P.; Garzoli, S.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:3(2020). [10.3390/molecules25030538]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1363144
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