We describe a 7-year-old boy presenting with a developmental encephalopathy, severe epilepsy, retinopathy with salt and pepper fundus, and ultrastructural skin alterations resembling a neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Whole exome-sequencing detected biallelic variants in the ADSL gene (c.65C > T [p.(Ala22Val)] and c.340 T > C [p.(Tyr114His)]). The increase of SAICAR and S-Ado in blood and urine was consistent with the pattern of adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency (OMIM 103050). An unusual increase of AICAR, that was due to a residual ADSL enzyme activity of about 28%, was also detected. Neither salt and pepper retinopathy nor ultrastructural skin alterations had been reported in ADSL deficiency before. Impaired purinergic signaling inside the retina is probably involved in visual failure. Ultrastructural alterations in fibroblasts suggest a possible damage of autophagic processes, whose role in the pathogenesis of neurological dysfunction deserves further study.

Broadening phenotype of adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency: A novel clinical pattern resembling neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis / Mastrangelo, M.; Alfonsi, C.; Screpanti, I.; Masuelli, L.; Tavazzi, B.; Mei, D.; Giannotti, F.; Guerrini, R.; Leuzzi, V.. - In: MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM REPORTS. - ISSN 2214-4269. - 21:(2019), p. 100502. [10.1016/j.ymgmr.2019.100502]

Broadening phenotype of adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency: A novel clinical pattern resembling neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis

Mastrangelo M.;Alfonsi C.;Screpanti I.;Masuelli L.;Mei D.;Giannotti F.;Leuzzi V.
2019

Abstract

We describe a 7-year-old boy presenting with a developmental encephalopathy, severe epilepsy, retinopathy with salt and pepper fundus, and ultrastructural skin alterations resembling a neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Whole exome-sequencing detected biallelic variants in the ADSL gene (c.65C > T [p.(Ala22Val)] and c.340 T > C [p.(Tyr114His)]). The increase of SAICAR and S-Ado in blood and urine was consistent with the pattern of adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency (OMIM 103050). An unusual increase of AICAR, that was due to a residual ADSL enzyme activity of about 28%, was also detected. Neither salt and pepper retinopathy nor ultrastructural skin alterations had been reported in ADSL deficiency before. Impaired purinergic signaling inside the retina is probably involved in visual failure. Ultrastructural alterations in fibroblasts suggest a possible damage of autophagic processes, whose role in the pathogenesis of neurological dysfunction deserves further study.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1359160
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