Lemierre’s syndrome is a rare and fatal disease and is also known as the forgotten disease to describe the rarity of this syndrome in the antibiotic era. However, in the last 20 years, the incidence of this disease has been increasing. Authors report a case of Lemierre's syndrome with extensive venous thrombosis involving right internal jugular veins with extension to the sigmoid and lateral sinus and also review the literature on the use of anticoagulant therapy in Lemierre's syndrome. A computerized Medline study was carried out through the use of PUBMED: using the Medical Subject Headings terms ‘Lemierre Syndrome/diagnosis’ and words ‘Lemierre’s syndrome and anticoagulation’. From this, authors found 64 articles from 2002 to January 2018 with a total of 165 patients. The purpose of our review is to emphasize that antibiotic therapy should be started immediately, while anticoagulant therapy should be started in selected cases. Anticoagulation should be carried out in absence of any contraindication or presumed risk following clinical anticoagulation guidelines and only in patients with poor clinical response despite antibiotics therapy, predisposing thrombophilia and intracranial thrombosis.

Antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy in Lemierre’s syndrome: case report and review / Campo, F.; Fusconi, M.; Ciotti, M.; Diso, D.; Greco, A.; Cattaneo, C. G.; de Vincentiis, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1120-009X. - 31:1(2019), pp. 42-48. [10.1080/1120009X.2018.1554992]

Antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy in Lemierre’s syndrome: case report and review

Campo F.
Primo
;
Fusconi M.
Secondo
;
Ciotti M.;Diso D.;Greco A.;de Vincentiis M.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Lemierre’s syndrome is a rare and fatal disease and is also known as the forgotten disease to describe the rarity of this syndrome in the antibiotic era. However, in the last 20 years, the incidence of this disease has been increasing. Authors report a case of Lemierre's syndrome with extensive venous thrombosis involving right internal jugular veins with extension to the sigmoid and lateral sinus and also review the literature on the use of anticoagulant therapy in Lemierre's syndrome. A computerized Medline study was carried out through the use of PUBMED: using the Medical Subject Headings terms ‘Lemierre Syndrome/diagnosis’ and words ‘Lemierre’s syndrome and anticoagulation’. From this, authors found 64 articles from 2002 to January 2018 with a total of 165 patients. The purpose of our review is to emphasize that antibiotic therapy should be started immediately, while anticoagulant therapy should be started in selected cases. Anticoagulation should be carried out in absence of any contraindication or presumed risk following clinical anticoagulation guidelines and only in patients with poor clinical response despite antibiotics therapy, predisposing thrombophilia and intracranial thrombosis.
2019
antibiotic therapy; anticoagulation therapy; head and neck infection; intracranial thrombosis; lemierre’s syndrome; management of lemierre’s syndrome
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy in Lemierre’s syndrome: case report and review / Campo, F.; Fusconi, M.; Ciotti, M.; Diso, D.; Greco, A.; Cattaneo, C. G.; de Vincentiis, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1120-009X. - 31:1(2019), pp. 42-48. [10.1080/1120009X.2018.1554992]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1356925
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