Spectrometric and analytical techniques in general collect multivariate signals from chemical or biological materials by means of a specific measurement instrumentation, usually in order to characterize or classify them through the estimation of one of several compounds of interest. However, measurement conditions might induce various additive (baseline) or multiplicative effects on the collected signals, which may jeopardize the accuracy and generalizability of estimation models. A common way of dealing with such issues is signal normalization and in particular, when the baseline is constant, the standard normal variate (SNV) transform. Despite its efficiency, SNV has important drawbacks, in terms of physical interpretation and robustness of estimation models, because all the variables are equally considered, independently on what their actual relationship with the response(s) of interest is. In the present study, a novel algorithm is proposed, named variable sorting for normalization (VSN). This algorithm automatically produces, for a given set of multivariate signals, a weighting function favoring signal variables that are only impacted by additive and multiplicative effects, and not by the response(s) of interest. When introduced in SNV preprocessing, this weighting function significantly improves signal shape and model interpretation. Moreover, VSN can be successfully used not only for constant but also with more complex baselines, such as polynomial ones. Together with the description of the theory behind VSN, its application on various synthetic multivariate data, as well as on real SWIR spectral data, is presented and discussed.
VSN: variable sorting for normalization / Rabatel, G.; Marini, F.; Walczak, B.; Roger, J. -M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMOMETRICS. - ISSN 0886-9383. - 34:2(2019), pp. 1-16.
|Titolo:||VSN: variable sorting for normalization|
MARINI, Federico (Secondo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||VSN: variable sorting for normalization / Rabatel, G.; Marini, F.; Walczak, B.; Roger, J. -M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMOMETRICS. - ISSN 0886-9383. - 34:2(2019), pp. 1-16.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|