Abstract Background and Aim: Chitotriosidase (Chit), a mammalian chitinases secreted by monocytes and epithelial cells, is increased in both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Arterial stiness rises early in T2D and increases the risk of CVD. Aim of the study was to evaluate Chit activity as a precocious biomarker of arterial stiness in T2D patients without overt vascular complications. Methods: Arterial stiness was measured by Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) in 174 T2D patients (mean±SD age=55±4 years, 103 men) without established diabetic complications. For this cross-sectional study, we measured Chit activity by electrochemiluminescent assay in the sera from the 41 patients with the lowest (L_CAVI) and the 42 patients with the highest (H_CAVI) CAVI values. Results: Compared with L_CAVI, H_CAVI patients were older (57±4years vs. 52±4years, p<0.01), had longer T2D duration (6±3years vs. 4±3years, p=0.02), higher diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (90±9 vs. 86±9mmHg, p=0.03), HbA1c (6,5±0,9% vs. 6,01±0,6%, p<0.01) and fasting blood glucose (130±29 vs. 117±27 mg/dL, p=0,024) values, lower BMI (28,5±4,2 vs. 32,3±7,2 kg/m , p=0.01) and glomerular ltration rate (91,3±11,2 vs. 96,1±10,0mL/min/1.73m , p=0.04). Chit activity was similar in L_CAVI and H_CAVI groups (11,6±5,6 vs. 14,0±8,3 nmol/mL/h respectively). Although, Chit was inversely related to DBP (r=-0.22; p <0.041) and HbA1c (r=-0.21; p=0.048) and directly related to albuminuria (r=0.22; p=0.04). No signicant dierences were found in systolic blood pressure, gender, lipid prole, calcium, urate, inammatory markers between the two groups. Conclusion: Arterial stiness raises with age, metabolic control, DBP and impaired kidney function. Chit is also associated with DBP, metabolic control and kidney damage but did not result as a direct marker of arterial stiness in T2D patients without established complications.

Chitotriosidase Activity Is Inversely Associated with Diastolic Blood Pressure and HbA1c but Not with Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes without Complications / D'Onofrio, Luca; Luordi, Cecilia; Mignogna, Carmen; Carlone, Angela; Moretti, Chiara; Tartaglione, Lida; Maddaloni, Ernesto; Leto, Gaetano; Mazzaferro, Sandro; Buzzetti, Raffaella. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 79th Scientific Sessions | American Diabetes Association tenutosi a San Francisco, California..

Chitotriosidase Activity Is Inversely Associated with Diastolic Blood Pressure and HbA1c but Not with Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes without Complications

LUCA D'ONOFRIO
Primo
;
CECILIA LUORDI
Secondo
;
CARMEN MIGNOGNA;ANGELA CARLONE;CHIARA MORETTI;LIDA TARTAGLIONE;ERNESTO MADDALONI;GAETANO LETO;SANDRO MAZZAFERRO;RAFFAELLA BUZZETTI
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Abstract Background and Aim: Chitotriosidase (Chit), a mammalian chitinases secreted by monocytes and epithelial cells, is increased in both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Arterial stiness rises early in T2D and increases the risk of CVD. Aim of the study was to evaluate Chit activity as a precocious biomarker of arterial stiness in T2D patients without overt vascular complications. Methods: Arterial stiness was measured by Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) in 174 T2D patients (mean±SD age=55±4 years, 103 men) without established diabetic complications. For this cross-sectional study, we measured Chit activity by electrochemiluminescent assay in the sera from the 41 patients with the lowest (L_CAVI) and the 42 patients with the highest (H_CAVI) CAVI values. Results: Compared with L_CAVI, H_CAVI patients were older (57±4years vs. 52±4years, p<0.01), had longer T2D duration (6±3years vs. 4±3years, p=0.02), higher diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (90±9 vs. 86±9mmHg, p=0.03), HbA1c (6,5±0,9% vs. 6,01±0,6%, p<0.01) and fasting blood glucose (130±29 vs. 117±27 mg/dL, p=0,024) values, lower BMI (28,5±4,2 vs. 32,3±7,2 kg/m , p=0.01) and glomerular ltration rate (91,3±11,2 vs. 96,1±10,0mL/min/1.73m , p=0.04). Chit activity was similar in L_CAVI and H_CAVI groups (11,6±5,6 vs. 14,0±8,3 nmol/mL/h respectively). Although, Chit was inversely related to DBP (r=-0.22; p <0.041) and HbA1c (r=-0.21; p=0.048) and directly related to albuminuria (r=0.22; p=0.04). No signicant dierences were found in systolic blood pressure, gender, lipid prole, calcium, urate, inammatory markers between the two groups. Conclusion: Arterial stiness raises with age, metabolic control, DBP and impaired kidney function. Chit is also associated with DBP, metabolic control and kidney damage but did not result as a direct marker of arterial stiness in T2D patients without established complications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1347607
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