The literature on clustering for continuous data is rich and wide; differently, that one developed for categorical data is still limited. In some cases, the clustering problem is made more difficult by the presence of noise variables/dimensions that do not contain information about the clustering structure and could mask it. The aim of this paper is to propose a model for simultaneous clustering and dimensionality reduction of ordered categorical data able to detect the discriminative dimensions discarding the noise ones. Following the underlying response variable approach, the observed variables are considered as a discretization of underlying first-order latent continuous variables distributed as a Gaussian mixture. To recognize discriminative and noise dimensions, these variables are considered to be linear combinations of two independent sets of second-order latent variables where only one contains the information about the cluster structure while the other one contains noise dimensions. The model specification involves multidimensional integrals that make the maximum likelihood estimation cumbersome and in some cases infeasible. To overcome this issue, the parameter estimation is carried out through an EM-like algorithm maximizing a composite log-likelihood based on low-dimensional margins. Examples of application of the proposal on real and simulated data are performed to show the effectiveness of the proposal.
A Model-Based Approach to Simultaneous Clustering and Dimensional Reduction of Ordinal Data / Ranalli, M.; Rocci, R.. - In: PSYCHOMETRIKA. - ISSN 0033-3123. - 82:4(2017), pp. 1007-1034.
|Titolo:||A Model-Based Approach to Simultaneous Clustering and Dimensional Reduction of Ordinal Data|
RANALLI, MONIA (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||A Model-Based Approach to Simultaneous Clustering and Dimensional Reduction of Ordinal Data / Ranalli, M.; Rocci, R.. - In: PSYCHOMETRIKA. - ISSN 0033-3123. - 82:4(2017), pp. 1007-1034.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|