Background: Since the use of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score for establishing the prognosis of cirrhotic patients has been introduced, questions have been raised whether complications of liver cirrhosis would provide additional information. Myosteatosis, sarcopenia and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) are frequent in cirrhosis and may affect prognosis. Aim of the study was analyzing if these factors are independently related to survival and may improve the accuracy of MELD. Methods: 249 cirrhotics that underwent abdominal CT-scan were enrolled. For each patient, information about previous episodes of HE and muscle alterations were obtained. Patients were followed until transplantation or death. Results: History of HE, MELD, sarcopenia and myosteatosis were independently associated with mortality. The MELD-Sarco-Myo-HE score added accuracy to the MELD score alone for 6- and 3-months mortality. By removing HE, as the only not quantifiable parameter of the model, no relevant decrease in accuracy for 6- and 3-months mortality detection was observed. Conclusions: The accuracy of MELD in predicting 3- and 6-months mortality may be improved by considering the muscle alterations. A model considering the above parameters may classify more accurately over 30% of the patients.

The additive value of sarcopenia, myosteatosis and hepatic encephalopathy in the predictivity of model for end-stage liver disease / Lattanzi, B.; Nardelli, S.; Pigliacelli, A.; Di Cola, S.; Farcomeni, A.; D'Ambrosio, D.; Gioia, S.; Ginanni Corradini, S.; Lucidi, C.; Mennini, G.; Rossi, M.; Merli, M.; Riggio, O.. - In: DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE. - ISSN 1590-8658. - 51:11(2019), pp. 1508-1512. [10.1016/j.dld.2019.09.004]

The additive value of sarcopenia, myosteatosis and hepatic encephalopathy in the predictivity of model for end-stage liver disease

Lattanzi B.
Primo
Data Curation
;
Nardelli S.
Secondo
Data Curation
;
Pigliacelli A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
DI COLA, SIMONE
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Farcomeni A.
Formal Analysis
;
D'Ambrosio D.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gioia S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ginanni Corradini S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lucidi C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mennini G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rossi M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Merli M.
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Riggio O.
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2019

Abstract

Background: Since the use of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score for establishing the prognosis of cirrhotic patients has been introduced, questions have been raised whether complications of liver cirrhosis would provide additional information. Myosteatosis, sarcopenia and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) are frequent in cirrhosis and may affect prognosis. Aim of the study was analyzing if these factors are independently related to survival and may improve the accuracy of MELD. Methods: 249 cirrhotics that underwent abdominal CT-scan were enrolled. For each patient, information about previous episodes of HE and muscle alterations were obtained. Patients were followed until transplantation or death. Results: History of HE, MELD, sarcopenia and myosteatosis were independently associated with mortality. The MELD-Sarco-Myo-HE score added accuracy to the MELD score alone for 6- and 3-months mortality. By removing HE, as the only not quantifiable parameter of the model, no relevant decrease in accuracy for 6- and 3-months mortality detection was observed. Conclusions: The accuracy of MELD in predicting 3- and 6-months mortality may be improved by considering the muscle alterations. A model considering the above parameters may classify more accurately over 30% of the patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1346630
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