Objectives: Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) represent a cost-effective method for treating malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of public policies on patient access to ONS, using the Italian regionalized health care system as a case study, subsequently compared with the centralized British National Health Service. Methods: Regional policies in the nine largest Italian regions and British policies were gathered through a literature review; interviews with officers responsible for clinical nutrition policies at the regional level in Italy were also conducted. Total ONS regional sales in Italy were gathered from industry sources. Results: Regulation by Italian regions focused on patient access and local prescribing issues (facilities and specialists allowed to prescribe reimbursed ONS, clinical pathways for malnutrition or disease-related malnutrition, length of prescriptions, and distribution of ONS). British policies focused on organizational issues (clinical governance through multidisciplinary Nutrition Support Teams, Nutrition Steering Committees and Clinical Commissioning Groups), education and referral by health care professionals. Neither per capita reimbursed ONS expenditure nor the proportion covered by public funds seem dependent on policies implemented at the regional level in Italy. There is no cutting-edge evidence that British policies produced broader diffusion of ONS, but they appear to have standardized their use within a more homogenous framework. Conclusion: As no clear relation between regional policies and variation in patient access to ONS emerges in Italy, national policies should be encouraged to enhance awareness of malnutrition among health care professionals and encourage the diffusion of multidisciplinary nutrition teams in health care organizations.
Patient access to oral nutritional supplements: Which policies count? / Cavazza, M.; Banks, H.; Muscaritoli, M.; Rondanelli, M.; Zandona, E.; Jommi, C.. - In: NUTRITION. - ISSN 0899-9007. - 69(2020).
|Titolo:||Patient access to oral nutritional supplements: Which policies count?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||Patient access to oral nutritional supplements: Which policies count? / Cavazza, M.; Banks, H.; Muscaritoli, M.; Rondanelli, M.; Zandona, E.; Jommi, C.. - In: NUTRITION. - ISSN 0899-9007. - 69(2020).|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|