Background: A number of meta-analyses have demonstrated the effectiveness of bariatric surgery in improving morbid obesity and its associated co-morbidities. The aim of the study was to evaluate at long term a cohort of obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) submitted to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) analyzing the incidence of weight regain (WR) and the impact of the WR on T2DM evolution. Methods: Seventy-eight morbid obese patients (54 females) with T2DM, aged 49.6 ± 8.7 years, weight 121.1 ± 24.4 kg, BMI 44.1 ± 7.2 kg/m2, underwent primary LSG. The trend over time of T2DM after LSG was analyzed in the different groups, subdivided on the basis of the absence or presence of WR and of its different degrees: no regain (NR), mild regain (MR), and severe regain (SR) groups. Results: In the NR group, 54% show complete remission, 46% persistence, and no case of diabetes relapse; in the MR group, 59% show complete remission, 36% persistence, and 5% relapse; in the SR group, 61% show complete remission, 22% persistence, and 17% relapse. A statistically significant difference concerns the preoperative values of fasting glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and duration of diabetes, major in the group with diabetes relapse (respectively, p = 0.002, p = 0.001, and p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The results of this study showed no significant difference regarding the trend of diabetes remission comparing the “no regain,” “mild regain,” and “severe regain” groups and confirmed the importance of the duration of the illness and an early intervention towards surgical therapy.

Weight Regain and Diabetes Evolution After Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Cohort Study with over 5 Years of Follow-Up / Capoccia, D; Guida, A; Coccia, F; Guarisco, G; Testa, M; Leonetti, F; Silecchia, G. - In: OBESITY SURGERY. - ISSN 0960-8923. - 30:3(2019), pp. 1046-1051. [10.1007/s11695-019-04350-0]

Weight Regain and Diabetes Evolution After Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Cohort Study with over 5 Years of Follow-Up

Capoccia, D;Guida, A;Coccia, F;Guarisco, G;Testa, M;Leonetti, F;Silecchia, G
2019

Abstract

Background: A number of meta-analyses have demonstrated the effectiveness of bariatric surgery in improving morbid obesity and its associated co-morbidities. The aim of the study was to evaluate at long term a cohort of obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) submitted to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) analyzing the incidence of weight regain (WR) and the impact of the WR on T2DM evolution. Methods: Seventy-eight morbid obese patients (54 females) with T2DM, aged 49.6 ± 8.7 years, weight 121.1 ± 24.4 kg, BMI 44.1 ± 7.2 kg/m2, underwent primary LSG. The trend over time of T2DM after LSG was analyzed in the different groups, subdivided on the basis of the absence or presence of WR and of its different degrees: no regain (NR), mild regain (MR), and severe regain (SR) groups. Results: In the NR group, 54% show complete remission, 46% persistence, and no case of diabetes relapse; in the MR group, 59% show complete remission, 36% persistence, and 5% relapse; in the SR group, 61% show complete remission, 22% persistence, and 17% relapse. A statistically significant difference concerns the preoperative values of fasting glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and duration of diabetes, major in the group with diabetes relapse (respectively, p = 0.002, p = 0.001, and p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The results of this study showed no significant difference regarding the trend of diabetes remission comparing the “no regain,” “mild regain,” and “severe regain” groups and confirmed the importance of the duration of the illness and an early intervention towards surgical therapy.
2019
obesity; sleeve gastrectomy; type 2 diabetes
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Weight Regain and Diabetes Evolution After Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Cohort Study with over 5&nbsp;Years of Follow-Up / Capoccia, D; Guida, A; Coccia, F; Guarisco, G; Testa, M; Leonetti, F; Silecchia, G. - In: OBESITY SURGERY. - ISSN 0960-8923. - 30:3(2019), pp. 1046-1051. [10.1007/s11695-019-04350-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1343762
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