The 2016 Mw ≥ 6.0 Amatrice-Norcia earthquakes (central Apennines, Italy) and the related seismic sequence were associated with increases in arsenic and vanadium concentrations recorded in groundwater springs a few months before the earthquakes occurred. To evaluate these signals as reliable seismic precursors and effective predictive tools, we studied the geochemical processes that caused these anomalies. Using chemical and isotope models, we show that increased concentrations of arsenic and vanadium, a slight increase in boron concentrations, and a concomitant lowering of the boron isotope ratio may be due to mineral desorption (e.g., from iron oxides and/or clays). We argue that a displacing effect on the trace elements sorbed on minerals was triggered by an excess of deep CO2 in groundwater, which occurred prior to the main seismic event as a result of preseismic crustal dilation. Our observations confirm the pivotal role of CO2 in the release of trace elements by alteration of solid phases and provide a new understanding of earthquake-related water chemical anomalies.

CO2 inflow and elements desorption prior to a seismic sequence, Amatrice-Norcia 2016, Italy / Boschetti, T.; Barbieri, M.; Barberio, M. D.; Billi, A.; Franchini, Stefania; Petitta, M.. - In: GEOCHEMISTRY, GEOPHYSICS, GEOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 1525-2027. - 20:5(2019), pp. 2303-2317. [10.1029/2018GC008117]

CO2 inflow and elements desorption prior to a seismic sequence, Amatrice-Norcia 2016, Italy

Barbieri M.
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Barberio M. D.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Billi A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
FRANCHINI, STEFANIA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Petitta M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019

Abstract

The 2016 Mw ≥ 6.0 Amatrice-Norcia earthquakes (central Apennines, Italy) and the related seismic sequence were associated with increases in arsenic and vanadium concentrations recorded in groundwater springs a few months before the earthquakes occurred. To evaluate these signals as reliable seismic precursors and effective predictive tools, we studied the geochemical processes that caused these anomalies. Using chemical and isotope models, we show that increased concentrations of arsenic and vanadium, a slight increase in boron concentrations, and a concomitant lowering of the boron isotope ratio may be due to mineral desorption (e.g., from iron oxides and/or clays). We argue that a displacing effect on the trace elements sorbed on minerals was triggered by an excess of deep CO2 in groundwater, which occurred prior to the main seismic event as a result of preseismic crustal dilation. Our observations confirm the pivotal role of CO2 in the release of trace elements by alteration of solid phases and provide a new understanding of earthquake-related water chemical anomalies.
2019
2016 Amatrice earthquake; CO; 2; inflow; earthquake hydrogeology; hydrogeochemical modeling; Phreeqc; seismic precursors
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
CO2 inflow and elements desorption prior to a seismic sequence, Amatrice-Norcia 2016, Italy / Boschetti, T.; Barbieri, M.; Barberio, M. D.; Billi, A.; Franchini, Stefania; Petitta, M.. - In: GEOCHEMISTRY, GEOPHYSICS, GEOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 1525-2027. - 20:5(2019), pp. 2303-2317. [10.1029/2018GC008117]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1339093
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