The increasing occurrence of widespread drought phenomena is a global environmental emergency, especially for the effects of ongoing climate change on groundwater availability. Dry years and extreme temperatures are common drivers of current climate impacts all over the world, including, for example, the freshwater supply for drinking and agriculture purposes, ecosystems, forestry, health, etc. In this frame, to ensure temporal water availability in water-stressed areas, sustainable groundwater management is an increasing challenge. Most groundwater in the South-East Latium Region, Central Italy, as in the whole Apennine Mountains chain, is stored in karst aquifers. In this area important water resources are present, but even here in the last decades they are affected by groundwater depletion as a consequence of occurring drought events, the upward trend in the global average temperature and the increase in groundwater extraction. Due to the lack of flow rate data of springs in many areas of Italy, spring response modeling could be a useful tool for supporting proper water resource management. Several research studies proposed methods based on relationships between spring discharges and rainfall data. The goal of this paper is to propose a simple linear model, based on rainfall-discharge cross correlations, in order to be able to simulate the effects of variation in rainfall on water resource connected Capodacqua di Spigno Spring minimum discharge. The results obtained using the developed model has been compared to an existing method that uses the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) for the estimation of the minimum annual spring discharge.

Evaluation of minimum karst spring discharge using a simple rainfall-input model: The case study of Capodacqua di Spigno Spring (Central Italy) / Sappa, Giuseppe; De Filippi, Francesco M.; Iacurto, Silvia; Grelle, Gerardo. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 11:4(2019), p. 807. [10.3390/w11040807]

Evaluation of minimum karst spring discharge using a simple rainfall-input model: The case study of Capodacqua di Spigno Spring (Central Italy)

Sappa, Giuseppe
Project Administration
;
De Filippi, Francesco M.;Iacurto, Silvia
Formal Analysis
;
Grelle, Gerardo
2019

Abstract

The increasing occurrence of widespread drought phenomena is a global environmental emergency, especially for the effects of ongoing climate change on groundwater availability. Dry years and extreme temperatures are common drivers of current climate impacts all over the world, including, for example, the freshwater supply for drinking and agriculture purposes, ecosystems, forestry, health, etc. In this frame, to ensure temporal water availability in water-stressed areas, sustainable groundwater management is an increasing challenge. Most groundwater in the South-East Latium Region, Central Italy, as in the whole Apennine Mountains chain, is stored in karst aquifers. In this area important water resources are present, but even here in the last decades they are affected by groundwater depletion as a consequence of occurring drought events, the upward trend in the global average temperature and the increase in groundwater extraction. Due to the lack of flow rate data of springs in many areas of Italy, spring response modeling could be a useful tool for supporting proper water resource management. Several research studies proposed methods based on relationships between spring discharges and rainfall data. The goal of this paper is to propose a simple linear model, based on rainfall-discharge cross correlations, in order to be able to simulate the effects of variation in rainfall on water resource connected Capodacqua di Spigno Spring minimum discharge. The results obtained using the developed model has been compared to an existing method that uses the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) for the estimation of the minimum annual spring discharge.
2019
discharge modelling; groundwater; karst spring; water management
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Evaluation of minimum karst spring discharge using a simple rainfall-input model: The case study of Capodacqua di Spigno Spring (Central Italy) / Sappa, Giuseppe; De Filippi, Francesco M.; Iacurto, Silvia; Grelle, Gerardo. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 11:4(2019), p. 807. [10.3390/w11040807]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1337311
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