An energy functional for orbital-based O(N) calculations is proposed, which depends on a number of nonorthogonal, localized orbitals larger than the number of occupied states in the system, and on a parameter, the electronic chemical potential, determining the number of electrons. We show that the minimization of the functional with respect to overlapping localized orbitals can be performed so as to attain directly the ground-state energy, without being trapped at local minima. The present approach overcomes the multiple-minima problem present within the original formulation of orbital-based O(N) methods; it therefore makes it possible to perform O(N) calculations for an arbitrary system, without including any information about the system bonding properties in the construction of the input wave functions. Furthermore, while retaining the same computational cost as the original approach, our formulation allows one to improve the variational estimate of the ground-state energy, and the energy conservation during a molecular dynamics run. Several numerical examples for surfaces, bulk systems, and clusters are presented and discussed.
TOTAL-ENERGY GLOBAL OPTIMIZATIONS USING NONORTHOGONAL LOCALIZED ORBITALS / Kim, Jn; Mauri, F; Galli, G. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - 52:3(1995), pp. 1640-1648.
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|Titolo:||TOTAL-ENERGY GLOBAL OPTIMIZATIONS USING NONORTHOGONAL LOCALIZED ORBITALS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Citazione:||TOTAL-ENERGY GLOBAL OPTIMIZATIONS USING NONORTHOGONAL LOCALIZED ORBITALS / Kim, Jn; Mauri, F; Galli, G. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - 52:3(1995), pp. 1640-1648.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|