Hydrogeological uniqueness and chemical-physical peculiarities guide the contamination dynamics and decontamination mechanisms in the environmental arena. A single composite geodatabase, which integrates geological/hydrological, geophysical, and chemical data, acts as a “cockpit” in the definition of a conceptual model, design of a remediation strategy, implementation, near-real-time monitoring, and validation/revision of a pilot test, and monitoring full-scale interventions. The selected remediation strategy involves the creation of "reactive" zones capable of reducing the concentration of chlorinated solvents in groundwater through the combined action of adsorption on micrometric activated carbon, which is injected into the aquifer, and degradation of organic contaminants, stimulating the dechlorinating biological activity by the addition of an electron donor. The technology is verified through a pilot test, to evaluate the possibility of scaling up the process. The results of post-treatment monitoring reveal abatement of the concentration of chlorinated solvents and intense biological dechlorination activity. Achieving the remediation objectives and project closure is based on the integration of multidisciplinary data using a multiscale approach. This research represents the first completed example in European territory of remediation of an aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents by a combination of adsorption and biodegradation.

An integrated approach supporting remediation of an aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents by a combination of adsorption and biodegradation / Ciampi, Paolo; Esposito, Carlo; Viotti, Paolo; Boaga, Jacopo; Cassiani, Giorgio; PETRANGELI PAPINI, Marco. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 9:20(2019). [10.3390/app9204318]

An integrated approach supporting remediation of an aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents by a combination of adsorption and biodegradation

Paolo Ciampi
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Carlo Esposito
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Paolo Viotti
Supervision
;
Giorgio Cassiani
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Marco Petrangeli Papini
Supervision
2019

Abstract

Hydrogeological uniqueness and chemical-physical peculiarities guide the contamination dynamics and decontamination mechanisms in the environmental arena. A single composite geodatabase, which integrates geological/hydrological, geophysical, and chemical data, acts as a “cockpit” in the definition of a conceptual model, design of a remediation strategy, implementation, near-real-time monitoring, and validation/revision of a pilot test, and monitoring full-scale interventions. The selected remediation strategy involves the creation of "reactive" zones capable of reducing the concentration of chlorinated solvents in groundwater through the combined action of adsorption on micrometric activated carbon, which is injected into the aquifer, and degradation of organic contaminants, stimulating the dechlorinating biological activity by the addition of an electron donor. The technology is verified through a pilot test, to evaluate the possibility of scaling up the process. The results of post-treatment monitoring reveal abatement of the concentration of chlorinated solvents and intense biological dechlorination activity. Achieving the remediation objectives and project closure is based on the integration of multidisciplinary data using a multiscale approach. This research represents the first completed example in European territory of remediation of an aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents by a combination of adsorption and biodegradation.
2019
groundwater contamination; remediation; three-dimensional (3D) hydrogeophysical model; geodatabase; pilot test; biodegradation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
An integrated approach supporting remediation of an aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents by a combination of adsorption and biodegradation / Ciampi, Paolo; Esposito, Carlo; Viotti, Paolo; Boaga, Jacopo; Cassiani, Giorgio; PETRANGELI PAPINI, Marco. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 9:20(2019). [10.3390/app9204318]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1328539
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