BACKGROUND: Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) score is adopted to provide preoperative bladder cancer (BCa) staging. Repeated transurethral resection of bladder tumor (Re-TURBT) is recommended in most of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers (HR-NMIBCs) due to possibility of persistent/understaged disease after initial TURBT. No diagnostic tools able to improve patient's stratification for such recommendation exist. OBJECTIVE: To (1) prospectively validate VI-RADS for discriminating between NMIBC and muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) at TURBT, and (2) evaluate the accuracy of VI-RADS for identifying HR-NMIBC patients who could avoid Re-TURBT and detecting those at higher risk for understaging after TURBT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients with BCa suspicion were offered multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) before TURBT. According to VI-RADS, a cutoff of ≥3 to define MIBC was assumed. TURBT reports were compared with preoperative VI-RADS scores to assess accuracy of mpMRI for discriminating between NMIBC and MIBC. HR-NMIBC Re-TURBT reports were compared with preoperatively recorded VI-RADS scores to assess mpMRI accuracy in predicting Re-TURBT outcomes. INTERVENTION: Multiparametric MRI of the bladder before TURBT. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values were calculated for mpMRI performance in patients undergoing TURBT and for HR-NMIBC patients candidate for Re-TURBT. Performance of mpMRI was assessed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Ƙ statistics was used to estimate inter- and intrareader variability. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: A total of 231 patients were enrolled. Multiparametric MRI showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV for discriminating NMIBC from MIBC at initial TURBT of 91.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 82.2-97.3), 91.1% (95% CI: 85.8-94.9), 77.5% (95% CI: 65.8-86.7), and 97.1% (95% CI: 93.3-99.1), respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.91-0.97). Among HR-NMIBC patients (n=114), mpMRI before TURBT showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of 85% (95% CI: 62.1-96.8), 93.6% (95% CI: 86.6-97.6), 74.5% (95% CI: 52.4-90.1), and 96.6% (95% CI: 90.5-99.3) respectively, to identify patients with MIBC at Re-TURBT. The AUC was 0.93 (95% CI: 0.87-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: VI-RADS is accurate for discriminating between NMIBC and MIBC. Within HR-NMIBC cases, VI-RADS could, in future, improve the selection of patients who are candidate for Re-TURBT. PATIENT SUMMARY: We investigated the accuracy of Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) score to asses bladder cancer staging before transurethral resection of bladder tumors, and we explored the performance of VI-RADS score as a future preoperative predictive tool for the selection of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients who are candidate for undergoing early repeated transurethral resection of the primary tumor site.

Prospective assessment of vesical imaging reporting and data system (VI-RADS) and its clinical impact on the management of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients candidate for repeated transurethral resection / Del Giudice, Francesco; Barchetti, Giovanni; De Berardinis, Ettore; Pecoraro, Martina; Salvo, Vincenzo; Simone, Giuseppe; Sciarra, Alessandro; Leonardo, Costantino; Gallucci, Michele; Catalano, Carlo; Catto, James W F; Panebianco, Valeria. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY. - ISSN 0302-2838. - 77:1(2020), pp. 101-109. [10.1016/j.eururo.2019.09.029]

Prospective assessment of vesical imaging reporting and data system (VI-RADS) and its clinical impact on the management of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients candidate for repeated transurethral resection

Del Giudice, Francesco
Co-primo
;
Barchetti, Giovanni
Co-primo
;
De Berardinis, Ettore;Pecoraro, Martina;Salvo, Vincenzo;Sciarra, Alessandro;Leonardo, Costantino;Gallucci, Michele;Catalano, Carlo;Panebianco, Valeria
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) score is adopted to provide preoperative bladder cancer (BCa) staging. Repeated transurethral resection of bladder tumor (Re-TURBT) is recommended in most of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers (HR-NMIBCs) due to possibility of persistent/understaged disease after initial TURBT. No diagnostic tools able to improve patient's stratification for such recommendation exist. OBJECTIVE: To (1) prospectively validate VI-RADS for discriminating between NMIBC and muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) at TURBT, and (2) evaluate the accuracy of VI-RADS for identifying HR-NMIBC patients who could avoid Re-TURBT and detecting those at higher risk for understaging after TURBT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients with BCa suspicion were offered multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) before TURBT. According to VI-RADS, a cutoff of ≥3 to define MIBC was assumed. TURBT reports were compared with preoperative VI-RADS scores to assess accuracy of mpMRI for discriminating between NMIBC and MIBC. HR-NMIBC Re-TURBT reports were compared with preoperatively recorded VI-RADS scores to assess mpMRI accuracy in predicting Re-TURBT outcomes. INTERVENTION: Multiparametric MRI of the bladder before TURBT. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values were calculated for mpMRI performance in patients undergoing TURBT and for HR-NMIBC patients candidate for Re-TURBT. Performance of mpMRI was assessed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Ƙ statistics was used to estimate inter- and intrareader variability. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: A total of 231 patients were enrolled. Multiparametric MRI showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV for discriminating NMIBC from MIBC at initial TURBT of 91.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 82.2-97.3), 91.1% (95% CI: 85.8-94.9), 77.5% (95% CI: 65.8-86.7), and 97.1% (95% CI: 93.3-99.1), respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.91-0.97). Among HR-NMIBC patients (n=114), mpMRI before TURBT showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of 85% (95% CI: 62.1-96.8), 93.6% (95% CI: 86.6-97.6), 74.5% (95% CI: 52.4-90.1), and 96.6% (95% CI: 90.5-99.3) respectively, to identify patients with MIBC at Re-TURBT. The AUC was 0.93 (95% CI: 0.87-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: VI-RADS is accurate for discriminating between NMIBC and MIBC. Within HR-NMIBC cases, VI-RADS could, in future, improve the selection of patients who are candidate for Re-TURBT. PATIENT SUMMARY: We investigated the accuracy of Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) score to asses bladder cancer staging before transurethral resection of bladder tumors, and we explored the performance of VI-RADS score as a future preoperative predictive tool for the selection of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients who are candidate for undergoing early repeated transurethral resection of the primary tumor site.
bladder cancer; high-risk non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer; multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging; muscle-invasive bladder cancer; repeated transurethral resection of bladder tumor; transurethral resection of bladder tumor
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Prospective assessment of vesical imaging reporting and data system (VI-RADS) and its clinical impact on the management of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients candidate for repeated transurethral resection / Del Giudice, Francesco; Barchetti, Giovanni; De Berardinis, Ettore; Pecoraro, Martina; Salvo, Vincenzo; Simone, Giuseppe; Sciarra, Alessandro; Leonardo, Costantino; Gallucci, Michele; Catalano, Carlo; Catto, James W F; Panebianco, Valeria. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY. - ISSN 0302-2838. - 77:1(2020), pp. 101-109. [10.1016/j.eururo.2019.09.029]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1327676
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