The number of Android devices enabling access to raw GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) measurements is rapidly increasing, thanks to the dedicated Google APIs. In this study, the Xiaomi Mi8, the first GNSS dual-frequency smartphone embedded with the Broadcom BCM47755 GNSS chipset, was employed by leveraging the features of L5/E5a observations in addition to the traditional L1/E1 observations. The aim of this paper is to present two different smartphone applications in Geoscience, both based on the variometric approach and able to work in real time. In particular, tests using both VADASE (Variometric Approach for Displacement Analysis Stand-alone Engine) to retrieve the 3D velocity of a stand-alone receiver in real-time, and VARION (Variometric Approach for Real-Time Ionosphere Observations) algorithms, able to reconstruct real-time sTEC (slant total electron content) variations, were carried out. The results demonstrate the contribution that mass-market devices can offer to the geosciences. In detail, the noise level obtained with VADASE in a static scenario-few mm/s for the horizontal components and around 1 cm/s for the vertical component-underlines the possibility, confirmed from kinematic tests, of detecting fast movements such as periodic oscillations caused by earthquakes. VARION results indicate that the noise level can be brought back to that of geodetic receivers, making the Xiaomi Mi8 suitable for real-time ionosphere monitoring.
Real-time geophysical applications with Android GNSS raw measurements / Fortunato, Marco; Ravanelli, Michela; Mazzoni, Augusto. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - 11:18(2019). [10.3390/rs11182113]
|Titolo:||Real-time geophysical applications with Android GNSS raw measurements|
FORTUNATO, MARCO (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Real-time geophysical applications with Android GNSS raw measurements / Fortunato, Marco; Ravanelli, Michela; Mazzoni, Augusto. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - 11:18(2019). [10.3390/rs11182113]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|