Composites with high density polyethylene (HDPE) and poly(lactic) acid (PLA) matrix have been tested to analyze the effect of natural fillers (wood flour, recycled wastepaper and a mix of both fillers) and temperature on polymer degradation. Composting tests have been performed in both mesophilic (35 °C) and thermophilic (58 °C) conditions. Degradation development has been evaluated through mass variation, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. HDPE, as expected, did not display any relevant variation, confirming its stability under our composting conditions. PLA is sensibly influenced by temperature and humidity, with higher reduction of Mw when composting is performed at 58 °C. Natural fillers seem to influence degradation process of composites, already at 35 °C. In fact, degradation of fillers at 35 °C allows a mass reduction during composting of composites, while neat PLA do not display any variation

Effect of cellulosic waste derived filler on the biodegradation and thermal properties of HDPE and PLA composites / Quitadamo, Alessia; Valerie, Massardier; Iovine, Valeria; Ahmed, Belhadj; Rémy, Bayard; Valente, Marco. - In: PROCESSES. - ISSN 2227-9717. - 7:10(2019). [10.3390/pr7100647]

Effect of cellulosic waste derived filler on the biodegradation and thermal properties of HDPE and PLA composites

Quitadamo Alessia;IOVINE, VALERIA;Marco Valente
2019

Abstract

Composites with high density polyethylene (HDPE) and poly(lactic) acid (PLA) matrix have been tested to analyze the effect of natural fillers (wood flour, recycled wastepaper and a mix of both fillers) and temperature on polymer degradation. Composting tests have been performed in both mesophilic (35 °C) and thermophilic (58 °C) conditions. Degradation development has been evaluated through mass variation, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. HDPE, as expected, did not display any relevant variation, confirming its stability under our composting conditions. PLA is sensibly influenced by temperature and humidity, with higher reduction of Mw when composting is performed at 58 °C. Natural fillers seem to influence degradation process of composites, already at 35 °C. In fact, degradation of fillers at 35 °C allows a mass reduction during composting of composites, while neat PLA do not display any variation
2019
biodegradation; bio-derived polymer; composites
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Effect of cellulosic waste derived filler on the biodegradation and thermal properties of HDPE and PLA composites / Quitadamo, Alessia; Valerie, Massardier; Iovine, Valeria; Ahmed, Belhadj; Rémy, Bayard; Valente, Marco. - In: PROCESSES. - ISSN 2227-9717. - 7:10(2019). [10.3390/pr7100647]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1318132
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