Background The association between diverticulosis and colonic neoplastic lesions has been suggested, but data in literature are conflicting. This study aimed to investigate such a relationship in patients participating in a colorectal cancer screening program who underwent high-quality colonoscopy.Methods Data from consecutive individuals 50-75 years of age with a positive faecal immunological test were considered. Diverticulosis was categorised as present or absent. The prevalence of neoplastic lesions (adenoma, advanced adenoma, and cancer) between individuals with and those without diverticula was compared. A multivariate analysis was performed.Results Overall, data from 970 consecutive individuals were evaluated, and diverticulosis was detected in 354 (36.5%) cases. At least one adenoma was detected in 490 (50.5%) people, at least one advanced adenoma in 264 (27.2%), multiple adenoma in 71 (7.3%), whilst a cancer was diagnosed in 48 (4.9%) cases. At univariate analysis, the adenoma detection rate in patients with diverticula was significantly higher than in controls (55.9% vs 47.4%; p=0.011). At multivariate analysis, presence of diverticulosis was an independent risk factor for both adenoma detection rate (OR=1.58; 95% CI=1.14-2.18; p=0.006) and advanced adenoma (OR=1.57; 95% CI=1.10-2.24; p=0.013), but not for colorectal cancer.Conclusions In a colorectal screening setting, the adenoma detection rate was significantly higher in individuals with diverticulosis than in controls.

Association between diverticulosis and colonic neoplastic lesions in individuals with a positive faecal immunochemical test / Morini, S.; Ridola, L.; Hassan, C.; Lorenzetti, R.; Boggi, R.; Napoli, M.; Tomao, S.; Zullo, A.. - In: UNITED EUROPEAN GASTROENTEROLOGY JOURNAL. - ISSN 2050-6414. - 5:1(2017), pp. 134-138. [10.1177/2050640615627714]

Association between diverticulosis and colonic neoplastic lesions in individuals with a positive faecal immunochemical test

Ridola L.
Secondo
;
Tomao S.
Penultimo
;
2017

Abstract

Background The association between diverticulosis and colonic neoplastic lesions has been suggested, but data in literature are conflicting. This study aimed to investigate such a relationship in patients participating in a colorectal cancer screening program who underwent high-quality colonoscopy.Methods Data from consecutive individuals 50-75 years of age with a positive faecal immunological test were considered. Diverticulosis was categorised as present or absent. The prevalence of neoplastic lesions (adenoma, advanced adenoma, and cancer) between individuals with and those without diverticula was compared. A multivariate analysis was performed.Results Overall, data from 970 consecutive individuals were evaluated, and diverticulosis was detected in 354 (36.5%) cases. At least one adenoma was detected in 490 (50.5%) people, at least one advanced adenoma in 264 (27.2%), multiple adenoma in 71 (7.3%), whilst a cancer was diagnosed in 48 (4.9%) cases. At univariate analysis, the adenoma detection rate in patients with diverticula was significantly higher than in controls (55.9% vs 47.4%; p=0.011). At multivariate analysis, presence of diverticulosis was an independent risk factor for both adenoma detection rate (OR=1.58; 95% CI=1.14-2.18; p=0.006) and advanced adenoma (OR=1.57; 95% CI=1.10-2.24; p=0.013), but not for colorectal cancer.Conclusions In a colorectal screening setting, the adenoma detection rate was significantly higher in individuals with diverticulosis than in controls.
diverticulosis; adenoma; advanced adenoma; colorectal cancer
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Association between diverticulosis and colonic neoplastic lesions in individuals with a positive faecal immunochemical test / Morini, S.; Ridola, L.; Hassan, C.; Lorenzetti, R.; Boggi, R.; Napoli, M.; Tomao, S.; Zullo, A.. - In: UNITED EUROPEAN GASTROENTEROLOGY JOURNAL. - ISSN 2050-6414. - 5:1(2017), pp. 134-138. [10.1177/2050640615627714]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1317216
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