BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arterial stiffness evaluated as pulse wave velocity, is an early marker of vascular damage and an independent predictor for cardiovascular events. We investigated if the insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia chronic hepatitis C virus infection-related could influence arterial stiffness. METHODS: We enrolled 260 outpatients matched for age, body mass index, gender, ethnicity: 52 with never-treated uncomplicated chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV(+)), 104 never-treated hypertensives (HT) and 104 healthy subjects (NT). Pulse wave velocity was evaluated by a validated system employing high-fidelity applanation tonometry. We also measured: fasting plasma glucose and insulin, total, LDL- and HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, creatinine, e-GFR-EPI, HOMA, quantitative HCV-RNA. RESULTS: HCV(+) patients with respect to NT had an increased pulse wave velocity (7.9 ± 2.1 vs 6.4 ± 2.1 m/s; P < 0.0001), similar to that observed in HT group (8.8 ± 3.2 m/s). HCV(+) patients, in comparison with NT, had higher triglyceride, creatinine, fasting insulin and HOMA (3.2 ± 1.3 vs 2.5 ± 1.0; P < 0.0001). At linear regression analysis, the correlation between pulse wave velocity and HOMA was similar in HT (r = 0.380, P < 0.0001) and HCV(+) (r = 0.369, P = 0.004) groups. At multiple regression analysis, HOMA resulted the major determinant of pulse wave velocity in all groups, explaining respectively 11.8%, 14.4% and 13.6% of its variation in NT, HT and HCV(+). At correlational analysis hepatitis C virus-RNA and HOMA demonstrated a strong and linear relationship between them, explaining the 72.4% of their variation (P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated a significant and direct correlation between HOMA and pulse wave velocity in HCV(+) patients, similar to that observed in hypertensives.
Insulin-resistance HCV infection-related affects vascular stiffness in normotensives / Perticone, M; Maio, R; Tassone, Ej; Tripepi, G; Di Cello, S; Miceli, S; Caroleo, B; Sciacqua, A; Licata, A; Sesti, G; Perticone, F. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 238:1(2015), pp. 108-112.
|Titolo:||Insulin-resistance HCV infection-related affects vascular stiffness in normotensives|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Citazione:||Insulin-resistance HCV infection-related affects vascular stiffness in normotensives / Perticone, M; Maio, R; Tassone, Ej; Tripepi, G; Di Cello, S; Miceli, S; Caroleo, B; Sciacqua, A; Licata, A; Sesti, G; Perticone, F. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 238:1(2015), pp. 108-112.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|