Insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors composed of an insulin receptor (IR) alpha beta-hemireceptor and a type 1 IGF receptor (IGF-IR) alpha beta-hemireceptor are formed in tissues expressing both molecules. To date there is a limited information about the proportion of hybrids in tissues of normal or diabetic subjects. In this study, we determined the abundance of hybrids in fat from control and NIDDM subjects by using a microwell-based immunoassay. Microwells coated with MA-20 anti-IR or alpha-IGF-IR-PA anti-IGF-IR antibody were incubated with tissue extracts. Immunoadsorbed receptors were incubated with I-125-insulin or I-125-IGF-I in the presence or absence of unlabeled ligands, and hybrids were quantitated as the fraction of I-125-IGF-I binding immunoadsorbed with MA-20. Abundance of hybrids was increased in NIDDM patients as compared with controls (B/T = 1.29 +/- 0.18 and 0.52 +/- 0.06%; P < 0.008, respectively), and it was inversely correlated with both IR number (r = -0.65; P < 0.002), and in vivo insulin sensitivity measured by insulin tolerance test (r = -0.75; P < 0.005), whereas it was positively correlated with insulinemia (r = 0.63: P < 0.003). Insulin binding affinity was lower in NIDDM subjects than in controls (ED50 = 1.87 +/- 0.32 and 0.54 +/- 0.20 nmol/l; P < 0.009, respectively), and was correlated with the percentage of hybrids. Maximal IGF-I binding was significantly greater in NIDDM patients than controls and was positively correlated with the percentage of hybrids whereas IGF-I binding affinity did not differ between the two groups. Results show that expression of hybrids is increased in fat of NIDDM patients compared to control subjects and is correlated with in vivo insulin sensitivity thus raising the possibility that alterations in expression of hybrids which bind IGF-I with higher affinity than insulin may contribute, at least in part, to insulin resistance. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Increased abundance of insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors in adipose tissue front NIDDM patients / Federici, M; Porzio, O; Zucaro, L; Giovannone, B; Borboni, P; Marini, Ma; Lauro, D; Sesti, G. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0303-7207. - 135:1(1997), pp. 41-47.
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|Titolo:||Increased abundance of insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors in adipose tissue front NIDDM patients|
Sesti, Giorgio (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Citazione:||Increased abundance of insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors in adipose tissue front NIDDM patients / Federici, M; Porzio, O; Zucaro, L; Giovannone, B; Borboni, P; Marini, Ma; Lauro, D; Sesti, G. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0303-7207. - 135:1(1997), pp. 41-47.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|