The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) represents only part of a large group of pathologies of variable entity called respiratory sleep disorders (RSD) which include simple snoring and increased upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS). Although the etiopathogenesis of adult OSAS is well known, many aspects of this syndrome in children are still debated. Its prevalence is about 2% in children from 2 to 8 years of age, mostly related to the size of the upper airways adenoid tissue. Several risk factors linked to the development of OSAS are typical of the pediatric age. The object of this paper is to analyze the state of the art on this specific topic, discussing its implications in terms of diagnosis and management.

Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children: state of the art / Gulotta, G.; Iannella, G.; Vicini, C.; Polimeni, A.; Greco, A.; de Vincentiis, M.; Visconti, I. C.; Meccariello, G.; Cammaroto, G.; De Vito, A.; Gobbi, R.; Bellini, Chiara; Firinu, E.; Pace, A.; Colizza, A.; Pelucchi, S.; Magliulo, G.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 16:18(2019), pp. 1-20. [10.3390/ijerph16183235]

Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children: state of the art

Gulotta G.
Primo
;
Iannella G.
Secondo
;
Polimeni A.;Greco A.;de Vincentiis M.;Visconti I. C.;Pace A.;Colizza A.;Magliulo G.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) represents only part of a large group of pathologies of variable entity called respiratory sleep disorders (RSD) which include simple snoring and increased upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS). Although the etiopathogenesis of adult OSAS is well known, many aspects of this syndrome in children are still debated. Its prevalence is about 2% in children from 2 to 8 years of age, mostly related to the size of the upper airways adenoid tissue. Several risk factors linked to the development of OSAS are typical of the pediatric age. The object of this paper is to analyze the state of the art on this specific topic, discussing its implications in terms of diagnosis and management.
2019
adenotonsillar hypertrophy; allergic rhinitis; craniofacial abnormalities; inflammation; obesity; pediatric OSAS
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children: state of the art / Gulotta, G.; Iannella, G.; Vicini, C.; Polimeni, A.; Greco, A.; de Vincentiis, M.; Visconti, I. C.; Meccariello, G.; Cammaroto, G.; De Vito, A.; Gobbi, R.; Bellini, Chiara; Firinu, E.; Pace, A.; Colizza, A.; Pelucchi, S.; Magliulo, G.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 16:18(2019), pp. 1-20. [10.3390/ijerph16183235]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1312376
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