Background. The purpose of the study was to assess biventricular parameters of wall deformation with three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) in adolescents and young adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) on antiretroviral therapy in order to detect a possible subclinical myocardial dysfunction. Methods. Twenty-one patients aged 12 to 39years with HIV, 21 normal controls of the same age and sex, and 21 patients with idiopathic non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were studied with 3DSTE. All HIV patients were stable in terms of HIV infection, with no history of heart disease or other chronic systemic disease except HIV infection, and were on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with good immunological control. Standard echocardiographic measures of LV-RV function were assessed. 3D LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), circumferential strain, radial strain and LV twist (TW) were calculated. Global area strain (GAS) was calculated by 3DSTE as percentage variation in surface area defined by the longitudinal and circumferential strain vectors. 3D right ventricular (RV) global and free-wall longitudinal strain were obtained. Results. LV GLS and GAS were lower in HIV patients compared to normal controls (p=0.002, and p=0.01, respectively). There were no significant differences in LV ejection fractions between the groups. There was a weak positive correlation between LV GLS and age (r=0.215, p=0.034) and a weak negative correlation between LV GLS and nadir-CD4 T-cells count (r=0.198, p=0.043). DCM patients had more marked and widespread reduction in LV GLS and GAS compared to controls (p<0.001), whereas in HIV patients LV strain impairment (p<0.05) was more localized in basal and apical regions. RV free-wall longitudinal strain was significantly reduced in HIV patients when compared with the control group (p=0.03). No patient had pulmonary systolic pressure higher than 35mmHg. Conclusions. Three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography may help to identify HIV patients at high cardiovascular risk allowing early detection of biventricular dysfunction in the presence of normal LV ejection fraction and in the absence of pulmonary hypertension. LV strain impairment in HIV patients is less prominent and widespread compared to DCM patients.

Assessment of biventricular function by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in adolescents and young adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection. a pilot study / Capotosto, Lidia; D'Ettorre, Gabriella; Ajassa, Camilla; Cavallari, Eugenio Nelson; Rosaria Ciardi, Maria; Placanica, Giuseppe; Ricci, Serafino; Lucchetti, Pietro; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Mangieri, Enrico; Gaudio, Carlo; Vullo, Vincenzo; Vitarelli, Antonino. - In: CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0008-6312. - 2019(2019). [10.1159/000503140]

Assessment of biventricular function by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in adolescents and young adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection. a pilot study.

Lidia Capotosto;Gabriella D’Ettorre;Camilla Ajassa;Nelson Cavallari;Serafino Ricci;Pietro Lucchetti;Gaetano Tanzilli;Enrico Mangieri;Carlo Gaudio;Vincenzo Vullo;Antonio Vitarelli
2019

Abstract

Background. The purpose of the study was to assess biventricular parameters of wall deformation with three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) in adolescents and young adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) on antiretroviral therapy in order to detect a possible subclinical myocardial dysfunction. Methods. Twenty-one patients aged 12 to 39years with HIV, 21 normal controls of the same age and sex, and 21 patients with idiopathic non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were studied with 3DSTE. All HIV patients were stable in terms of HIV infection, with no history of heart disease or other chronic systemic disease except HIV infection, and were on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with good immunological control. Standard echocardiographic measures of LV-RV function were assessed. 3D LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), circumferential strain, radial strain and LV twist (TW) were calculated. Global area strain (GAS) was calculated by 3DSTE as percentage variation in surface area defined by the longitudinal and circumferential strain vectors. 3D right ventricular (RV) global and free-wall longitudinal strain were obtained. Results. LV GLS and GAS were lower in HIV patients compared to normal controls (p=0.002, and p=0.01, respectively). There were no significant differences in LV ejection fractions between the groups. There was a weak positive correlation between LV GLS and age (r=0.215, p=0.034) and a weak negative correlation between LV GLS and nadir-CD4 T-cells count (r=0.198, p=0.043). DCM patients had more marked and widespread reduction in LV GLS and GAS compared to controls (p<0.001), whereas in HIV patients LV strain impairment (p<0.05) was more localized in basal and apical regions. RV free-wall longitudinal strain was significantly reduced in HIV patients when compared with the control group (p=0.03). No patient had pulmonary systolic pressure higher than 35mmHg. Conclusions. Three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography may help to identify HIV patients at high cardiovascular risk allowing early detection of biventricular dysfunction in the presence of normal LV ejection fraction and in the absence of pulmonary hypertension. LV strain impairment in HIV patients is less prominent and widespread compared to DCM patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1310848
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