During its work on the immunity of State officials from foreign criminal jurisdiction, the members of the International Law Commission were deeply split. A vote was necessary to adopt the provision codifying the exceptions to immunity ratione materiae in case of international crimes, which is unprecedented. Yet, the very active opposition of the minority is surprising because it challenges longstanding developments of international law, if not the very foundations of the system of international criminal justice. This article aims at identifying the aspects of the régime of immunity ratione materiae that should be regarded as now settled and those that are still debatable. The authors focus first on the main source of difficulties in the codification of this topic, namely, two assumptions on which the works of the ILC blindly relies: the « principle/exception » logic and the « procedural/substantive » character of immunity ratione materiae. Second, they analyse the existing alternative solutions, that in favour of immunity and that in favour of the absence of immunity in the case of international crimes, with the purpose of evaluating their systemic effects.

L'absence d'immunité des agents de l'Etat en cas de crime international: pourquoi en débattre encore? / Bonafe, Beatrice I.; Ascensio, HERVE ERIC. - In: REVUE GÉNÉRALE DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC. - ISSN 0373-6156. - (2018), pp. 821-850.

L'absence d'immunité des agents de l'Etat en cas de crime international: pourquoi en débattre encore?

Beatrice I. Bonafe
;
ASCENSIO, HERVE ERIC
2018

Abstract

During its work on the immunity of State officials from foreign criminal jurisdiction, the members of the International Law Commission were deeply split. A vote was necessary to adopt the provision codifying the exceptions to immunity ratione materiae in case of international crimes, which is unprecedented. Yet, the very active opposition of the minority is surprising because it challenges longstanding developments of international law, if not the very foundations of the system of international criminal justice. This article aims at identifying the aspects of the régime of immunity ratione materiae that should be regarded as now settled and those that are still debatable. The authors focus first on the main source of difficulties in the codification of this topic, namely, two assumptions on which the works of the ILC blindly relies: the « principle/exception » logic and the « procedural/substantive » character of immunity ratione materiae. Second, they analyse the existing alternative solutions, that in favour of immunity and that in favour of the absence of immunity in the case of international crimes, with the purpose of evaluating their systemic effects.
A l’occasion des travaux concernant l’immunité de juridiction pénale étrangère des représentants de l’Etat, la Commission du droit international est apparue profondément divisée. Il a fallu recourir à un vote pour adopter la disposition codifiant des exceptions à l’immunité ratione materiae en cas de crime international, méthode sans précédent. Pourtant, l’opposition fort active de la minorité surprend car elle conteste des évolutions du droit international ancrées dans une pratique bien établie, voire les fondements même du système de justice pénale internationale. L’article vise à identifier les aspects du régime d’immunité matérielle qu’il faudrait considérer comme acquis et ceux qui sont encore à débattre. Les auteurs concentrent leur analyse, dans un premier temps, sur la source principale des difficultés de la codification, à savoir deux présupposés adoptés sans guère de discussion par la Commission : la logique « principe/exception » et le caractère « procédural/substantiel » de l’immunité. Ils proposent, ensuite, une reconstruction des deux options envisageables, celle en faveur de l’immunité et celle en faveur de l’absence d’immunité pour crimes internationaux afin d’en évaluer les effets systémiques.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1305629
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