RNA chemical modifications in coding and non-coding RNAs have been known for decades. They are generally installed by specific enzymes and, in some cases, can be read and erased by other specific proteins. The impact of RNA chemical modifications on gene expression regulation and the reversible nature of some of these modifications led to the birth of the word epitranscriptomics, in analogy with the changes that occur on DNA and histones. Among more than 100 different modifications identified so far, most of the epitranscriptomics studies focused on the N-6-methyladenosine (m(6)A), which is the more abundant internal modification in protein coding RNAs. m(6)A can control several pathways of gene expression, including spicing, export, stability, and translation. In this review, we describe the interplay between m(6)A and non-coding RNAs, in particular microRNAs and lncRNAs, with examples of its role in gene expression regulation. Finally, we discuss its relevance in cell development and disease.

Interplay between N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and non-coding RNAs in cell development and cancer / Fazi, Francesco; Fatica, Alessandro. - In: FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2296-634X. - 7:(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.3389/fcell.2019.00116]

Interplay between N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and non-coding RNAs in cell development and cancer

Fazi, Francesco
;
Fatica, Alessandro
2019

Abstract

RNA chemical modifications in coding and non-coding RNAs have been known for decades. They are generally installed by specific enzymes and, in some cases, can be read and erased by other specific proteins. The impact of RNA chemical modifications on gene expression regulation and the reversible nature of some of these modifications led to the birth of the word epitranscriptomics, in analogy with the changes that occur on DNA and histones. Among more than 100 different modifications identified so far, most of the epitranscriptomics studies focused on the N-6-methyladenosine (m(6)A), which is the more abundant internal modification in protein coding RNAs. m(6)A can control several pathways of gene expression, including spicing, export, stability, and translation. In this review, we describe the interplay between m(6)A and non-coding RNAs, in particular microRNAs and lncRNAs, with examples of its role in gene expression regulation. Finally, we discuss its relevance in cell development and disease.
2019
ESC development; RNA modifications; cell reprogramming; epitranscriptomics; lncRNAs; m6A; microRNAs; non-coding RNAs
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Interplay between N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and non-coding RNAs in cell development and cancer / Fazi, Francesco; Fatica, Alessandro. - In: FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2296-634X. - 7:(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.3389/fcell.2019.00116]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1300740
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