Metronomic-chemotherapy (M-CHT) has been rarely assessed in non-Hodgkin-lymphoma (NHL). Therefore, in 2011 we started experimenting a new all-oral M-CHT schedule termed DEVEC (Deltacortene®, etoposide, vinorelbine, cyclophosphamide, +/-Rituximab) in diffuse-large-B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Methods Patients with stage Ib-IV were enrolled as follows: 1) treatment-naïve, frail ≥65y, or unfit ≥85y; and 2) relapsed/refractory (R/R) ≥55y. Data were prospectively collected from six Italian centres and compared for efficacy to two reference groups, treated with established iv Rituximab-CHT in 1st and 2nd line respectively. Results from April-2011 to March-2018, 17/51(33%) naïve, 21/51(41%) refractory and 13/51(25.5%) relapsed patients started DEVEC; 39/51(76.5%) were de-novo DLBCL; 10/51(19.6%) transformed-DLBCL and 2/51(3.9%) unclassifiable-DLBCL/classical-Hodgkin-lymphoma. The median age was 85y (range=77-93) and 78y (range=57-91) in naïve and R/R respectively and overall the DEVEC patients had very poor features compared to the reference. The rate of grade≥3 haematological-AEs was 43%(95CI=29-58%): G3-neutropenia was the most frequent; grade≥3 extra-haematological-AEs was 13.7% (95%CI=5.4-25.9%), the most frequent was infection. One-year OS and PFS were 67% and 61% for naive, 60% and 50% for reference-naïve respectively; Cox proportional hazard ratio (Cox-PH-ratio) for OS and PFS were 0.69 (95%CI=0.27-1.76;p=.441) and 0.68 (95%CI=0.28-1.62;p=.381) respectively. One-year OS and PFS were 48% and 39% in the R/R, 36% and 17% in the reference-R/R respectively; Cox-PH-ratio for OS and PFS, were 0.76 (95%CI=0.42-1.40; p=.386) and 0.48 (95%CI=0.28-0.82; p=.007) respectively. Conclusion The favourable activity of DEVEC compared to a real-life series and the convenience of an oral administration, may possibly lay the groundwork for a paradigm-shift in the treatment of elderly DLBCL.

The metronomic all-oral DEVEC is an effective schedule in elderly patients with diffuse large b-cell lymphoma / Cox, M Christina; Pelliccia, Sabrina; Marcheselli, Luigi; Battistini, Roberta; Arcari, Annalisa; Borza, Paola Anticoli; Patti, Caterina; Casaroli, Ivana; di Landro, Francesca; Di Napoli, Arianna; Fabbri, Francesca; Caridi, Matteo; Tafuri, Agostino; Bocci, Guido; Musuraca, Gerardo. - In: INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUGS. - ISSN 0167-6997. - 37:3(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.1007/s10637-019-00769-5]

The metronomic all-oral DEVEC is an effective schedule in elderly patients with diffuse large b-cell lymphoma

Pelliccia, Sabrina;Di Napoli, Arianna;Tafuri, Agostino;
2019

Abstract

Metronomic-chemotherapy (M-CHT) has been rarely assessed in non-Hodgkin-lymphoma (NHL). Therefore, in 2011 we started experimenting a new all-oral M-CHT schedule termed DEVEC (Deltacortene®, etoposide, vinorelbine, cyclophosphamide, +/-Rituximab) in diffuse-large-B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Methods Patients with stage Ib-IV were enrolled as follows: 1) treatment-naïve, frail ≥65y, or unfit ≥85y; and 2) relapsed/refractory (R/R) ≥55y. Data were prospectively collected from six Italian centres and compared for efficacy to two reference groups, treated with established iv Rituximab-CHT in 1st and 2nd line respectively. Results from April-2011 to March-2018, 17/51(33%) naïve, 21/51(41%) refractory and 13/51(25.5%) relapsed patients started DEVEC; 39/51(76.5%) were de-novo DLBCL; 10/51(19.6%) transformed-DLBCL and 2/51(3.9%) unclassifiable-DLBCL/classical-Hodgkin-lymphoma. The median age was 85y (range=77-93) and 78y (range=57-91) in naïve and R/R respectively and overall the DEVEC patients had very poor features compared to the reference. The rate of grade≥3 haematological-AEs was 43%(95CI=29-58%): G3-neutropenia was the most frequent; grade≥3 extra-haematological-AEs was 13.7% (95%CI=5.4-25.9%), the most frequent was infection. One-year OS and PFS were 67% and 61% for naive, 60% and 50% for reference-naïve respectively; Cox proportional hazard ratio (Cox-PH-ratio) for OS and PFS were 0.69 (95%CI=0.27-1.76;p=.441) and 0.68 (95%CI=0.28-1.62;p=.381) respectively. One-year OS and PFS were 48% and 39% in the R/R, 36% and 17% in the reference-R/R respectively; Cox-PH-ratio for OS and PFS, were 0.76 (95%CI=0.42-1.40; p=.386) and 0.48 (95%CI=0.28-0.82; p=.007) respectively. Conclusion The favourable activity of DEVEC compared to a real-life series and the convenience of an oral administration, may possibly lay the groundwork for a paradigm-shift in the treatment of elderly DLBCL.
2019
bendamustine; chop; comprehensive geriatric assessment, cga; dlbcl; diffuse large b-cell lymphoma; elderly; gemox; low-dose; metronomic chemotherapy; nhl
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The metronomic all-oral DEVEC is an effective schedule in elderly patients with diffuse large b-cell lymphoma / Cox, M Christina; Pelliccia, Sabrina; Marcheselli, Luigi; Battistini, Roberta; Arcari, Annalisa; Borza, Paola Anticoli; Patti, Caterina; Casaroli, Ivana; di Landro, Francesca; Di Napoli, Arianna; Fabbri, Francesca; Caridi, Matteo; Tafuri, Agostino; Bocci, Guido; Musuraca, Gerardo. - In: INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUGS. - ISSN 0167-6997. - 37:3(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.1007/s10637-019-00769-5]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Cox_metronomic_2019.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 1.27 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.27 MB Adobe PDF   Contatta l'autore

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1280926
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact