BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is growing evidence that in Crohn's disease the achievement and maintenance of mucosal healing (MH) through anti-TNFα antibodies may change the natural history of the disease. Few studies evaluating such outcome as a therapeutic goal are available in paediatrics. The primary aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of biologics in obtaining MH in a paediatric Crohn's disease cohort. The secondary aims were: (1) to assess response based on early or late treatment introduction and on combination therapy with immunomodulators versus biologics alone; and (2) to evaluate clinical outcome 2 years after the second endoscopy. METHODS: Biologic-naive paediatric Crohn's disease patients starting anti-tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) treatment were enrolled. Patients' demographic and treatment data were recorded. Clinical [Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI)] and endoscopic [Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD)] evaluations were performed at time 0 (T0) and after 9-12 months (follow-up). Appropriate induction and maintenance therapeutic schemes were applied. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were enrolled. At enrolment, mean age was 12.3 ± 3.4 years and mean disease duration was 13.0 ± 16 months. At follow-up there was a significant decrease in PCDAI and SES-CD compared with T0 (p < 0.01). No statistical difference in frequency of MH between the early and late treatment introduction groups was found. Combination therapy was superior in obtaining complete plus partial MH (p < 0.01). One and 2 years after the second endoscopy, all and 79% of patients with complete MH and 75 and 67% of those with partial MH were still in clinical remission, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Biologics improve mucosal lesions, apparently more effectively if given in combination with immunomodulators. MH appears to sustain a better disease course.

Prospective evaluation of the achievement of mucosal healing with anti-TNF-α therapy in a paediatric Crohn's disease cohort / Nuti, F; Civitelli, F; Bloise, S; Oliva, S; Aloi, M; La torre, G; Viola, F; Cucchiara, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF CROHN'S AND COLITIS. - ISSN 1873-9946. - 10:1(2016), pp. 5-12. [10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjv126]

Prospective evaluation of the achievement of mucosal healing with anti-TNF-α therapy in a paediatric Crohn's disease cohort

Nuti F;Civitelli F;Bloise S;Oliva S;Aloi M;La torre G;Viola F;Cucchiara S.
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is growing evidence that in Crohn's disease the achievement and maintenance of mucosal healing (MH) through anti-TNFα antibodies may change the natural history of the disease. Few studies evaluating such outcome as a therapeutic goal are available in paediatrics. The primary aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of biologics in obtaining MH in a paediatric Crohn's disease cohort. The secondary aims were: (1) to assess response based on early or late treatment introduction and on combination therapy with immunomodulators versus biologics alone; and (2) to evaluate clinical outcome 2 years after the second endoscopy. METHODS: Biologic-naive paediatric Crohn's disease patients starting anti-tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) treatment were enrolled. Patients' demographic and treatment data were recorded. Clinical [Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI)] and endoscopic [Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD)] evaluations were performed at time 0 (T0) and after 9-12 months (follow-up). Appropriate induction and maintenance therapeutic schemes were applied. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were enrolled. At enrolment, mean age was 12.3 ± 3.4 years and mean disease duration was 13.0 ± 16 months. At follow-up there was a significant decrease in PCDAI and SES-CD compared with T0 (p < 0.01). No statistical difference in frequency of MH between the early and late treatment introduction groups was found. Combination therapy was superior in obtaining complete plus partial MH (p < 0.01). One and 2 years after the second endoscopy, all and 79% of patients with complete MH and 75 and 67% of those with partial MH were still in clinical remission, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Biologics improve mucosal lesions, apparently more effectively if given in combination with immunomodulators. MH appears to sustain a better disease course.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1278455
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