: Understanding the role of partially folded intermediate states in the folding mechanism of a protein is a crucial yet very difficult problem. We exploited a kinetic approach to demonstrate that a transient intermediate of a thermostable member of the widely studied cytochrome c family (cytochrome c(552) from Thermus thermophilus) is indeed on-pathway. This is the first clear indication of an obligatory intermediate in the folding mechanism of a cytochrome c. The fluorescence properties of this intermediate demonstrate that the relative position of the heme and of the only tryptophan residue cannot correspond to their native orientation. Based on an analysis of the three-dimensional structure of cytochrome c(552), we propose an interpretation of the data which explains the residual fluorescence of the intermediate and is consistent with the established role played by some conserved interhelical interactions in the folding of other members of this family. A limited set of topologically conserved contacts may guide the folding of evolutionary distant cytochromes c through the same partially structured state, which, however, can play different kinetic roles, acting either as an intermediate or a transition state.

Exploring the cytochrome c folding: cyt c552 from Thermus Thermopilus folds through and on-pathway intermediate / TRAVAGLINI ALLOCATELLI, Carlo; Gianni, Stefano; Morea, V.; Tramontano, Anna; Soulimane, T.; Brunori, Maurizio. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 278(2003), pp. 41136-41140. [10.1074/jbc.M303990200]

Exploring the cytochrome c folding: cyt c552 from Thermus Thermopilus folds through and on-pathway intermediate

TRAVAGLINI ALLOCATELLI, Carlo;GIANNI, STEFANO;TRAMONTANO, ANNA;BRUNORI, Maurizio
2003

Abstract

: Understanding the role of partially folded intermediate states in the folding mechanism of a protein is a crucial yet very difficult problem. We exploited a kinetic approach to demonstrate that a transient intermediate of a thermostable member of the widely studied cytochrome c family (cytochrome c(552) from Thermus thermophilus) is indeed on-pathway. This is the first clear indication of an obligatory intermediate in the folding mechanism of a cytochrome c. The fluorescence properties of this intermediate demonstrate that the relative position of the heme and of the only tryptophan residue cannot correspond to their native orientation. Based on an analysis of the three-dimensional structure of cytochrome c(552), we propose an interpretation of the data which explains the residual fluorescence of the intermediate and is consistent with the established role played by some conserved interhelical interactions in the folding of other members of this family. A limited set of topologically conserved contacts may guide the folding of evolutionary distant cytochromes c through the same partially structured state, which, however, can play different kinetic roles, acting either as an intermediate or a transition state.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/127664
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