Carbon-bearing solids, fluids, and melts in the Earth’s deep interior play an important role in the long-term carbon cycle. Carbonatite magmas have been suggested as important agents of mantle metasomatism and yet, their physical features are expected to control the mobility from the source region to shallow Earth. The mobility and infiltration rates of carbonatitic melts, together with their influence on the annealing of mantle peridotites are poorly constrained processes. Although natural carbonatitic melts are complex chemical systems with C-O-H species as a major component, previous work has been performed in anhydrous model systems. Here we present a quantitative laboratory simulation of variables and processes controlling the ascent, mobility and connectivity of carbonatites in a model mantle material investigating the dihedral angle of hydrous carbonatitic liquids. We aim at comparing the texturally equilibrated volume proportions of volatile-rich carbonatitic melts with silicate melts in a partially molten peridotite, and we examine whether carbonatitic liquids are always more wetting than silicate melts. The infiltration experiments were performed employing an end loaded piston-cylinder apparatus, at T= 1200°C and P = 2.5 GPa to investigate the percolation of carbonatitic liquids and interconnectivity of melt pockets in a peridotitic matrix. Hydrous carbonatitic melt pockets were found along olivine grain boundaries; image analysis on electron back scattered and X-ray maps allow us quantifying the apparent dihedral angles between the liquid and olivine and to calculate the grain boundary wetness. Experiments performed at 5 wt.% of water contents result in dihedral angles evolving from ~31° to ~41° with a volume of liquids from 2 to 10 vol.%, while experiments carried out at 30wt. % of water content show a dihedral angle values of almost 50° with a range of volume infiltrated melts between 4 to 9vol.%. These results indicate that dihedral angles progressively increase with increasing water dissolved from 25°-28° in anhydrous carbonatitic liquids up to 50° in water-rich carbonatitic liquids, and, as expected, the volume of interstitial liquid decreases with water increasing. The increase of wetting angles is representative of a sintering process of the solid matrix, which evolves with time in the development of channels of pores, as highlighted relating the grain boundary wetness with fraction of liquid infiltrated. We suggest that the low grain boundary wetness measured may be due to a relatively low melt-rock interfaces which develop with channelized liquid, and that channelization is promoted by chemical gradient, as established by a carbonatitic segregate in the silicate matrix. If H2O is available, we expect that H2O strongly partitions into carbonatitic liquids. As a result, their dihedral angle may evolve up to 50°, a value which is significantly higher than that characterizing silicate melts at similar mantle conditions.
Wetting angles of hydrous carbonatitic liquids and reversal in wettability for silicate and carbonatitic magmas in the mantle / Capizzi, LUCA SAMUELE; Poli, Stefano; Fumagalli, Patrizia; Tumiati, Simone. - (2018). ((Intervento presentato al convegno CONGRESSO SGI-SIMP 2018 tenutosi a Catania.
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|Titolo:||Wetting angles of hydrous carbonatitic liquids and reversal in wettability for silicate and carbonatitic magmas in the mantle|
CAPIZZI, LUCA SAMUELE (Primo) (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Wetting angles of hydrous carbonatitic liquids and reversal in wettability for silicate and carbonatitic magmas in the mantle / Capizzi, LUCA SAMUELE; Poli, Stefano; Fumagalli, Patrizia; Tumiati, Simone. - (2018). ((Intervento presentato al convegno CONGRESSO SGI-SIMP 2018 tenutosi a Catania.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||04d Abstract in atti di convegno|