Two ionic liquids (ILs), which are functionalized with bis(oxalato)borate (BOB) and difluoro(oxalato)borate (DFOB) as the anion, have been synthesized and applied as additives for the battery grade electrolyte 1 M LiPF6 in an equivolume mixture of EC-DEC-DMC (LP71). When 0.3 M IL was added to LP71,peaks attributed to the formation of solid electrolyte interface (SEI) were observed during cyclic voltammetry for both cathodic and anodic sides. The presence of peaks during anodic scans suggests thatthe ILs possess the ability to form SEI on cathode surfaces. The high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) cells, employing the integrated electrolytes, exhibited a discharge capacity of around 120 mAh g-1. The retention rates of discharge capacity after 100 cycles were found to be 99.2% and 98.1% for the solution with 0.3 M of BOB-IL and DFOB-IL, respectively. By means of impedance analysis during the galvanostatic cycling, the growth of SEI was confirmed when BOB-IL was used as the additive. In this case, in the infrared spectra of the cycled LNMO electrodes, peaks related to borate compounds and polycarbonate were observed. This confirms that the BOB-IL promotes the formation of stable interfaces between the electrolyte and LNMO.

Bis(oxalato)borate and difluoro(oxalato)borate-based ionic liquids as electrolyte additives to improve the capacity retention in high voltage lithium batteries / Tsurumaki, Akiko; Branchi, Mario; Rigano, Alessio; Poiana, Ruggero; Panero, Stefania; Navarra, Maria Assunta. - In: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0013-4686. - 315:(2019), pp. 17-23. [10.1016/j.electacta.2019.04.190]

Bis(oxalato)borate and difluoro(oxalato)borate-based ionic liquids as electrolyte additives to improve the capacity retention in high voltage lithium batteries

Tsurumaki, Akiko
;
Branchi, Mario;RIGANO, ALESSIO;POIANA, RUGGERO;Panero, Stefania;Navarra, Maria Assunta
2019

Abstract

Two ionic liquids (ILs), which are functionalized with bis(oxalato)borate (BOB) and difluoro(oxalato)borate (DFOB) as the anion, have been synthesized and applied as additives for the battery grade electrolyte 1 M LiPF6 in an equivolume mixture of EC-DEC-DMC (LP71). When 0.3 M IL was added to LP71,peaks attributed to the formation of solid electrolyte interface (SEI) were observed during cyclic voltammetry for both cathodic and anodic sides. The presence of peaks during anodic scans suggests thatthe ILs possess the ability to form SEI on cathode surfaces. The high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) cells, employing the integrated electrolytes, exhibited a discharge capacity of around 120 mAh g-1. The retention rates of discharge capacity after 100 cycles were found to be 99.2% and 98.1% for the solution with 0.3 M of BOB-IL and DFOB-IL, respectively. By means of impedance analysis during the galvanostatic cycling, the growth of SEI was confirmed when BOB-IL was used as the additive. In this case, in the infrared spectra of the cycled LNMO electrodes, peaks related to borate compounds and polycarbonate were observed. This confirms that the BOB-IL promotes the formation of stable interfaces between the electrolyte and LNMO.
2019
ionic liquid additives; lithium battery; high voltage cathode; capacity retention
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Bis(oxalato)borate and difluoro(oxalato)borate-based ionic liquids as electrolyte additives to improve the capacity retention in high voltage lithium batteries / Tsurumaki, Akiko; Branchi, Mario; Rigano, Alessio; Poiana, Ruggero; Panero, Stefania; Navarra, Maria Assunta. - In: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0013-4686. - 315:(2019), pp. 17-23. [10.1016/j.electacta.2019.04.190]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1275416
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