Significant amount of valuable materials are contained in waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), however they are not easily recovered due to the complexity and heterogeneity of such typology of products. For this reason, a careful recycling-oriented characterization must be the starting point for gathering information about the different elements and materials and their distribution and concentration. The main target of this study was to investigate the use of hyperspectral imaging and micro X-ray fluorescence in order to characterize printed circuit boards (PCBs) with particular reference to copper content and distribution. The studied samples come from small and medium appliances by-products, obtained from a Magnetic Density Separation (MDS) process. Samples are mainly constituted by PCBs, plastics and glass, with a size < 10 mm and a class density ranging from 1300 kg/m3 to 2200 kg/m3. At least theoretically, in this density range metals should not occur; however, a significant amount of copper is still present in PCBs. Hyperspectral images in the SWIR spectral range (1000-2500 nm), and micro-XRF maps of the analyzed bulk materials were acquired. A Partial Least Square – Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) was carried out on hyperspectral images to classify PCBs and the other materials (i.e. black plastics, white plastics, plastic wires, wood, and glass). PLS-DA was also applied on micro-XRF maps to classify copper on the PCBs surfaces. Promising results were obtained for the automatic classification of the different materials detected on the investigated samples, and in particular for the evaluation of the copper concentration and its topological assessment on the PCBs surfaces.

Characterization of printed circuit boards from e-waste byproducts for copper beneficiation / Bonifazi, Giuseppe; Gasbarrone, Riccardo; Serranti, Silvia. - (2018), pp. 65-69. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Waste management and valorization (Ricerche applicate per il trattamento ed il recupero di residui solidi); Ecomondo 2018 Green & Circular Economy tenutosi a Rimini; Italy.

Characterization of printed circuit boards from e-waste byproducts for copper beneficiation

Giuseppe Bonifazi
Primo
;
Riccardo Gasbarrone
Secondo
;
Silvia Serranti
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Significant amount of valuable materials are contained in waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), however they are not easily recovered due to the complexity and heterogeneity of such typology of products. For this reason, a careful recycling-oriented characterization must be the starting point for gathering information about the different elements and materials and their distribution and concentration. The main target of this study was to investigate the use of hyperspectral imaging and micro X-ray fluorescence in order to characterize printed circuit boards (PCBs) with particular reference to copper content and distribution. The studied samples come from small and medium appliances by-products, obtained from a Magnetic Density Separation (MDS) process. Samples are mainly constituted by PCBs, plastics and glass, with a size < 10 mm and a class density ranging from 1300 kg/m3 to 2200 kg/m3. At least theoretically, in this density range metals should not occur; however, a significant amount of copper is still present in PCBs. Hyperspectral images in the SWIR spectral range (1000-2500 nm), and micro-XRF maps of the analyzed bulk materials were acquired. A Partial Least Square – Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) was carried out on hyperspectral images to classify PCBs and the other materials (i.e. black plastics, white plastics, plastic wires, wood, and glass). PLS-DA was also applied on micro-XRF maps to classify copper on the PCBs surfaces. Promising results were obtained for the automatic classification of the different materials detected on the investigated samples, and in particular for the evaluation of the copper concentration and its topological assessment on the PCBs surfaces.
Waste management and valorization (Ricerche applicate per il trattamento ed il recupero di residui solidi); Ecomondo 2018 Green & Circular Economy
printed circuit boards; hyperspectral imaging; SWIR; micro-XRF
04 Pubblicazione in atti di convegno::04b Atto di convegno in volume
Characterization of printed circuit boards from e-waste byproducts for copper beneficiation / Bonifazi, Giuseppe; Gasbarrone, Riccardo; Serranti, Silvia. - (2018), pp. 65-69. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Waste management and valorization (Ricerche applicate per il trattamento ed il recupero di residui solidi); Ecomondo 2018 Green & Circular Economy tenutosi a Rimini; Italy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1269257
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