Eukaryotic type I DNA topoisomerase controls DNA topology by transiently breaking and resealing one strand of DNA at a time. During transcription and replication its action reduces the torsional stress derived from these activities. The association of DNA topoisomerase I with the nucleolus has been reported and this enzyme was shown to be involved in yeast rDNA metabolism. Here, we have investigated the in vivo presence of DNA topoisomerase I cleavage sites in the non-transcribed spacer of the rDNA cluster. We show a specific profile of highly localized cleavage in relevant areas of this region. The sites are detected in the promoter and in the enhancer regions of the 35 S gene. The analysis of mutants in which transcription is prevented and/or reduced, namely a strain lacking the 43 kDa subunit of RNA polymerase I, a second one that does note transcribe, lacking a subunit of the core factor and another member of the RNA polymerase I transcription factors lacking one of the UAF component which transcribes at very low level, show that DNA topoisomerase I cleavage sites are not related to transcription by RNA polymerase I. These findings point to a role for DNA topoisomerase I that is additional to the commonly recognized function in removing the transcription-induced topological stress. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
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|Titolo:||Site-specific in vivo cleavages by DNA topoisomerase I in the regulatory regions of the 35 S rRNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are transcription independent|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|