This article addresses seismic vulnerability assessment at an urban scale using mechanical methods, more specifically potential improvements by involving typological curves instead of standard capacity curves and by using accurate displacement demand determination for reliable building damage prediction. The impact in terms of damage grades is computed for two typical Swiss cities. In Europe, seismic-vulnerability assessment is usually performed using the Risk-UE methodology, which involves an empirical approach (LM1 method) and a mechanical approach (LM2 method). The LM2 method contains standard capacity curves of conventional building types for computation of the corresponding damage grades. These capacity curves have been developed for southern Europe and are not optimal for describing features of other building stocks. New specific refined capacity curves are developed for northern Europe. Eurocode 8 prescribes the computation of displacement-demand for seismic assessment of existing building through a process based on the N2 method. However, the inaccuracy of the N2 method in certain conditions has already been studied. Therefore, modifications of N2 method have been proposed to improve the reliability of displacement-demand determination. In this study, the impact of typological capacity curves and the modified N2 method are investigated independently. Results show that both refinements contribute to improve the damage-grade distribution assessment.

Improved urban seismic vulnerability assessment using typological curves and accurate displacement demand prediction / Diana, L.; Lestuzzi, P.; Podestà, S.; Luchini, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1363-2469. - (2019), pp. 1-23. [10.1080/13632469.2019.1597784]

Improved urban seismic vulnerability assessment using typological curves and accurate displacement demand prediction

Diana, L.;
2019

Abstract

This article addresses seismic vulnerability assessment at an urban scale using mechanical methods, more specifically potential improvements by involving typological curves instead of standard capacity curves and by using accurate displacement demand determination for reliable building damage prediction. The impact in terms of damage grades is computed for two typical Swiss cities. In Europe, seismic-vulnerability assessment is usually performed using the Risk-UE methodology, which involves an empirical approach (LM1 method) and a mechanical approach (LM2 method). The LM2 method contains standard capacity curves of conventional building types for computation of the corresponding damage grades. These capacity curves have been developed for southern Europe and are not optimal for describing features of other building stocks. New specific refined capacity curves are developed for northern Europe. Eurocode 8 prescribes the computation of displacement-demand for seismic assessment of existing building through a process based on the N2 method. However, the inaccuracy of the N2 method in certain conditions has already been studied. Therefore, modifications of N2 method have been proposed to improve the reliability of displacement-demand determination. In this study, the impact of typological capacity curves and the modified N2 method are investigated independently. Results show that both refinements contribute to improve the damage-grade distribution assessment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1262696
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