A Cross-Country Fault (CCF) is the simultaneous occurrence of a couple of Line-to-Ground Faults (LGFs), affecting different phases of same feeder or of two distinct ones, at different fault locations. CCFs are not uncommon in medium voltage (MV) public distribution networks operated with ungrounded or high-impedance neutral: despite the relatively small value of LGF current that is typical of such networks, CCF currents can be comparable to those that are found in Phase-To-Phase Faults, if the affected feeder(s) consists of cables. This occurs because the faulted cables' sheaths/screens provide a continuous, relatively low-impedance metallic return path to the fault currents. An accurate evaluation is in order, since the resulting current magnitudes can overheat sheaths/screens, endangering cable joints and other plastic sheaths. Such evaluation, however, requires the modeling of the whole MV network in the phase domain, simulating cable screens and their connections to the primary and secondary substation earth electrodes by suitable computer programs, such as ATP (which is the acronym for alternative transient program) or EMTP (the acronym for electromagnetic transient program), with substantial input data being involved. This paper presents a simplified yet accurate circuit model of the faulted MV network, taking into account the CCF currents' return path (cable sheaths/screens, ground conductors, and earthing resistances of secondary substations). The proposed CCF model can be implemented in a general-purpose simulation program, and it yields accurate fault currents estimates: for a 20 kV network case study, the comparison with accurate ATP simulations evidences mismatches mostly smaller than 2%, and never exceeding 5%.

An equivalent circuit for the evaluation of cross-country fault currents in medium voltage (MV) distribution networks / Gatta, Fabio Massimo; Geri, Alberto; Lauria, Stefano; Maccioni, Marco. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 11:8(2018), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/en11081929]

An equivalent circuit for the evaluation of cross-country fault currents in medium voltage (MV) distribution networks

Gatta, Fabio Massimo;Geri, Alberto;Lauria, Stefano;Maccioni, Marco
2018

Abstract

A Cross-Country Fault (CCF) is the simultaneous occurrence of a couple of Line-to-Ground Faults (LGFs), affecting different phases of same feeder or of two distinct ones, at different fault locations. CCFs are not uncommon in medium voltage (MV) public distribution networks operated with ungrounded or high-impedance neutral: despite the relatively small value of LGF current that is typical of such networks, CCF currents can be comparable to those that are found in Phase-To-Phase Faults, if the affected feeder(s) consists of cables. This occurs because the faulted cables' sheaths/screens provide a continuous, relatively low-impedance metallic return path to the fault currents. An accurate evaluation is in order, since the resulting current magnitudes can overheat sheaths/screens, endangering cable joints and other plastic sheaths. Such evaluation, however, requires the modeling of the whole MV network in the phase domain, simulating cable screens and their connections to the primary and secondary substation earth electrodes by suitable computer programs, such as ATP (which is the acronym for alternative transient program) or EMTP (the acronym for electromagnetic transient program), with substantial input data being involved. This paper presents a simplified yet accurate circuit model of the faulted MV network, taking into account the CCF currents' return path (cable sheaths/screens, ground conductors, and earthing resistances of secondary substations). The proposed CCF model can be implemented in a general-purpose simulation program, and it yields accurate fault currents estimates: for a 20 kV network case study, the comparison with accurate ATP simulations evidences mismatches mostly smaller than 2%, and never exceeding 5%.
2018
cross country fault; mixed cable-overhead MV distribution network; simplified circuit model; renewable energy, sustainability and the environment; energy engineering and power technology; energy (miscellaneous); control and optimization; electrical and electronic engineering
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
An equivalent circuit for the evaluation of cross-country fault currents in medium voltage (MV) distribution networks / Gatta, Fabio Massimo; Geri, Alberto; Lauria, Stefano; Maccioni, Marco. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 11:8(2018), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/en11081929]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1257575
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