Background. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) showed promising results in selected patients. High morbidity restrains its wide application. The aim of this study was to report postoperative infectious complications and investigate possible correlations with preoperative nutritional status and other prognostic factors in patients with peritoneal metastases treated with CRS and HIPEC. Methods. For the study we reviewed the clinical records of all patients with peritoneal metastases from different primary cancers and treated by CRS and HIPEC in our Institution from November 2000 to December 2017. Patients were divided according to their nutritional status (SGA) in group A (well-nourished), B/C (mild or severely malnourished). Possible statistical correlations between risk factors and postoperative complications rates have been investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results. Two hundred patients were selected and underwent CRS and HIPEC during the study period. Postoperative complications occurred in 44% of the patients, 35.3% in SGA-A patients and 53% in SGA-B /C patients. Cause of complications was infective in 42, non-infective in 37 and HIPEC related in 9 patients. Infectious complications occurred more frequently in SGA-B /C patients (32.6% vs. 9.8% of SGA-A patients). The most frequent sites of infection were Surgical Site Infections (SSI, 35.7%) and Central Line Associated BloodStream Infections (CLABSI, 26.2%). The most frequent isolated species was Candida (22.8%). ASA score, blood loss, performance status, PCI, large bowel resection, postoperative serum albumin levels and nutritional status correlated with higher risk for postoperative infectious complications. Conclusions. Malnourished patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy are more prone to post-operative infectious complications and adequate perioperative nutritional support should be considered, including immune-enhancing nutrition. Sequential monitoring of common sites of infection, antifungal prevention of candidiasis, and careful patient selection should be implemented to reduce complications rate.

Prognostic factors influencing infectious complications after cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC. Results from a tertiary referral center / Cardi, Maurizio; Sibio, Simone; Francesco Di Marzo, ; Francesco, Lefoche; D'Agostino, Claudia; Fonsi, Giovanni Battista; LA TORRE, Giuseppe; Carbonari, Ludovica; Sammartino, Paolo. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 1687-6121. - 2019:(2019). [10.1155/2019/2824073]

Prognostic factors influencing infectious complications after cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC. Results from a tertiary referral center

Maurizio Cardi
;
Simone Sibio;Claudia d’Agostino;Fonsi Giovanni Battista;Giuseppe La Torre;Ludovica Carbonari;Paolo Sammartino.
2019

Abstract

Background. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) showed promising results in selected patients. High morbidity restrains its wide application. The aim of this study was to report postoperative infectious complications and investigate possible correlations with preoperative nutritional status and other prognostic factors in patients with peritoneal metastases treated with CRS and HIPEC. Methods. For the study we reviewed the clinical records of all patients with peritoneal metastases from different primary cancers and treated by CRS and HIPEC in our Institution from November 2000 to December 2017. Patients were divided according to their nutritional status (SGA) in group A (well-nourished), B/C (mild or severely malnourished). Possible statistical correlations between risk factors and postoperative complications rates have been investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results. Two hundred patients were selected and underwent CRS and HIPEC during the study period. Postoperative complications occurred in 44% of the patients, 35.3% in SGA-A patients and 53% in SGA-B /C patients. Cause of complications was infective in 42, non-infective in 37 and HIPEC related in 9 patients. Infectious complications occurred more frequently in SGA-B /C patients (32.6% vs. 9.8% of SGA-A patients). The most frequent sites of infection were Surgical Site Infections (SSI, 35.7%) and Central Line Associated BloodStream Infections (CLABSI, 26.2%). The most frequent isolated species was Candida (22.8%). ASA score, blood loss, performance status, PCI, large bowel resection, postoperative serum albumin levels and nutritional status correlated with higher risk for postoperative infectious complications. Conclusions. Malnourished patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy are more prone to post-operative infectious complications and adequate perioperative nutritional support should be considered, including immune-enhancing nutrition. Sequential monitoring of common sites of infection, antifungal prevention of candidiasis, and careful patient selection should be implemented to reduce complications rate.
2019
peritoneal metastases, cytoreductive surgery, HIPEC, infectious complications, prognostic factors
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prognostic factors influencing infectious complications after cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC. Results from a tertiary referral center / Cardi, Maurizio; Sibio, Simone; Francesco Di Marzo, ; Francesco, Lefoche; D'Agostino, Claudia; Fonsi, Giovanni Battista; LA TORRE, Giuseppe; Carbonari, Ludovica; Sammartino, Paolo. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 1687-6121. - 2019:(2019). [10.1155/2019/2824073]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1250564
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