Evaluation of polar effects in hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) processes is made difficult by the fact that in most cases substrates characterized by lower bond dissociation energies (BDEs), activated from an enthalpic point of view, are also more activated by polar effects. In search of an exception to this general rule, we found that the introduction of a methoxy substituent in the 3-position of 2,6-dimethylphenol results in a small increase in the O-H BDE and a decrease of the ionization potential of the phenol. These findings suggest that the enthalpic effect associated with the addition of the m-methoxy group to 2,6-dimethylphenol will decrease reaction rates, while the polar effects will increase reaction rates. Our model analysis of polar effects has been experimentally validated by comparing the reactivity of 2,6-dimethylphenol with that of 2,6-dimethyl-3-methoxyphenol in HAT promoted by a series of radicals (cumyloxyl, galvinoxyl, 2,2-diphenylpycrylhydrazyl, phthalimide-N-oxyl, and benzotriazole-N-oxyl radicals). In line with our predictions, the ratio of HAT rate constants (k HmOMe /k HH ) is larger in cases where there is a greater contribution of polar effects in the HAT reaction, i.e., in HAT promoted by N-oxyl radicals containing electron-withdrawing groups or when more polar solvents are employed.

Evaluation of polar effects in hydrogen atom transfer reactions from activated phenols / Bietti, Massimo; Cucinotta, Erica; Dilabio, Gino A.; Lanzalunga, Osvaldo; Lapi, Andrea; Mazzonna, Marco; Romero-Montalvo, Eduardo; Salamone, Michela. - In: JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3263. - 84:4(2019), pp. 1778-1786. [10.1021/acs.joc.8b02571]

Evaluation of polar effects in hydrogen atom transfer reactions from activated phenols

Lanzalunga, Osvaldo
;
Lapi, Andrea;
2019

Abstract

Evaluation of polar effects in hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) processes is made difficult by the fact that in most cases substrates characterized by lower bond dissociation energies (BDEs), activated from an enthalpic point of view, are also more activated by polar effects. In search of an exception to this general rule, we found that the introduction of a methoxy substituent in the 3-position of 2,6-dimethylphenol results in a small increase in the O-H BDE and a decrease of the ionization potential of the phenol. These findings suggest that the enthalpic effect associated with the addition of the m-methoxy group to 2,6-dimethylphenol will decrease reaction rates, while the polar effects will increase reaction rates. Our model analysis of polar effects has been experimentally validated by comparing the reactivity of 2,6-dimethylphenol with that of 2,6-dimethyl-3-methoxyphenol in HAT promoted by a series of radicals (cumyloxyl, galvinoxyl, 2,2-diphenylpycrylhydrazyl, phthalimide-N-oxyl, and benzotriazole-N-oxyl radicals). In line with our predictions, the ratio of HAT rate constants (k HmOMe /k HH ) is larger in cases where there is a greater contribution of polar effects in the HAT reaction, i.e., in HAT promoted by N-oxyl radicals containing electron-withdrawing groups or when more polar solvents are employed.
Organic Chemistry; radical; hydrogen atom transfer; polar effects
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Evaluation of polar effects in hydrogen atom transfer reactions from activated phenols / Bietti, Massimo; Cucinotta, Erica; Dilabio, Gino A.; Lanzalunga, Osvaldo; Lapi, Andrea; Mazzonna, Marco; Romero-Montalvo, Eduardo; Salamone, Michela. - In: JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3263. - 84:4(2019), pp. 1778-1786. [10.1021/acs.joc.8b02571]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1231642
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