Road traffic injuries are the ninth cause of death across all age groups, globally (WHO, 2015). Many road traffic crashes are caused by Driving Under the Influence (DUI) of alcohol by persons who have previously had their license suspended for the same reason. The aim of this study was to identify specific risk factors and personality characteristics in repeat offenders. The sample was comprised of 260 subjects who were not repeat DUI offenders (DUI-NR), but had a single license suspension between 2010 and 2011; and 97 repeat offenders who received at least two DUI convictions within a period of 5 years. At the time of their first driving license suspension, participants provided their blood alcohol content (BAC) and completed a valid MMPI-2 test. ANOVA and MANOVAs were performed to determine whether there were significant differences in BAC and MMPI-2 profiles between DUI-NR and DUI-R participants and a logistic regression was run to identify whether BAC at the time of the first suspension and specific personality features could predict recidivism. A two-step cluster analysis was run to identify recidivist typologies. Results showed that, relative to DUI-NR participants, DUI-R participants had higher BAC at the time of their first conviction and more problematic MMPI-2 profiles, despite the presence of social desirability responding. The best predictors of recidivism were BAC and the scales of Lie (L), Correction (K), Psychopathic Deviate (4-Pd), Hypomania (9-Ma), and Low Self-Esteem (LSE). Two-step cluster analyses identified two recidivist profiles, according to 32 selected MMPI-2 validity, clinical, content, supplementary, and PSY-5 scales. Comparisons with previous research are discussed and ideas for further study are generated.
Drinking and driving relapse. data from bac and mmpi-2 / Roma, Paolo; Mazza, Cristina; Ferracuti, Giorgia; Cinti, Maria Elena; Ferracuti, Stefano; Burla, Franco. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 14:1(2019), pp. 1-13. [10.1371/journal.pone.0209116]
|Titolo:||Drinking and driving relapse. data from bac and mmpi-2|
ROMA, PAOLO (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Drinking and driving relapse. data from bac and mmpi-2 / Roma, Paolo; Mazza, Cristina; Ferracuti, Giorgia; Cinti, Maria Elena; Ferracuti, Stefano; Burla, Franco. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 14:1(2019), pp. 1-13. [10.1371/journal.pone.0209116]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|