In recent years, the measurement of dam displacements has benefited from a great improvement of existing technology, which has allowed a higher degree of automation. This has led to data collection with an improved temporal and spatial resolution. Robotic total stations and GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) techniques, often in an integrated manner, may provide efficient solutions for measuring 3D displacements on precise locations on the outer surfaces of dams. On the other hand, remote-sensing techniques, such as terrestrial laser scanning, ground-based SAR (synthetic aperture radar) and satellite differential interferometric SAR offer the chance to extend the observed region to a large portion of a structure and its surrounding areas, integrating the information that is usually provided in a limited number of in-situ control points. The design and implementation of integrated monitoring systems have been revealed as a strategic solution to analyze different situations in a spatial and temporal context. Research devoted to the optimization of data processing tools has evolved with the aim of improving the accuracy and reliability of the measured deformations. The analysis of the observed data for the interpretation and prediction of dam deformations under external loads has been largely investigated on the basis of purely statistical or deterministic methods. The latter may integrate observation from geodetic, remote-sensing and geotechnical/structural sensors with mechanical models of the dam structure. In this paper, a review of the available technologies for dam deformation monitoring is provided, including those sensors that are already applied in routinary operations and some experimental solutions. The aim was to support people who are working in this field to have a complete view of existing solutions, as well as to understand future directions and trends.
Geodetic and remote-sensing sensors for dam deformation monitoring / Scaioni, Marco; Marsella, Maria; Crosetto, Michele; Tornatore, Vincenza; Wang, Jin. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 18:11(2018), p. 3682. [10.3390/s18113682]
|Titolo:||Geodetic and remote-sensing sensors for dam deformation monitoring|
MARSELLA, Maria Antonietta [Writing – Review & Editing]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Geodetic and remote-sensing sensors for dam deformation monitoring / Scaioni, Marco; Marsella, Maria; Crosetto, Michele; Tornatore, Vincenza; Wang, Jin. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 18:11(2018), p. 3682. [10.3390/s18113682]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|