Observational learning has been investigated in monkeys mainly using conspecifics or humans as models to observe. Some studies attempted to clarify the social agent’s role and to test whether non-human primates could learn from observation of a non-social agent, usually mentioned as a ‘ghost display’ condition, but they reported conflicting results. To address this question, we trained three rhesus monkeys in an object-in-place task consisting of the presentation of five subsequent problems composed of two objects, one rewarded and one unrewarded, for six times, or runs. Three types of learning conditions were tested. In the individual learning condition, the monkeys performed the first run, learned from it and improved their performance in the following runs. In the social and non-social learning conditions, they observed respectively a human model and a computer performing the first run and learned by the observation of their successes or errors. In all three conditions, the monkeys themselves received the reward after correct choices only. One-trial learning occurred in all three conditions. The monkeys performed over chance in the second run in all conditions, providing evidence of non-social observational learning with differential reward in macaque monkeys using a “ghost display” condition in a cognitive task.

Macaque monkeys learn by observation in the ghost display condition in the object-in-place task with differential reward to the observer / Ferrucci, Lorenzo; Nougaret, Simon; Genovesio, Aldo. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 9:1(2019). [10.1038/s41598-018-36803-4]

Macaque monkeys learn by observation in the ghost display condition in the object-in-place task with differential reward to the observer

Ferrucci, Lorenzo
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Nougaret, Simon
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Genovesio, Aldo
Ultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019

Abstract

Observational learning has been investigated in monkeys mainly using conspecifics or humans as models to observe. Some studies attempted to clarify the social agent’s role and to test whether non-human primates could learn from observation of a non-social agent, usually mentioned as a ‘ghost display’ condition, but they reported conflicting results. To address this question, we trained three rhesus monkeys in an object-in-place task consisting of the presentation of five subsequent problems composed of two objects, one rewarded and one unrewarded, for six times, or runs. Three types of learning conditions were tested. In the individual learning condition, the monkeys performed the first run, learned from it and improved their performance in the following runs. In the social and non-social learning conditions, they observed respectively a human model and a computer performing the first run and learned by the observation of their successes or errors. In all three conditions, the monkeys themselves received the reward after correct choices only. One-trial learning occurred in all three conditions. The monkeys performed over chance in the second run in all conditions, providing evidence of non-social observational learning with differential reward in macaque monkeys using a “ghost display” condition in a cognitive task.
prefrontal cortex; others mistakes; imitation; emulation; children
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Macaque monkeys learn by observation in the ghost display condition in the object-in-place task with differential reward to the observer / Ferrucci, Lorenzo; Nougaret, Simon; Genovesio, Aldo. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 9:1(2019). [10.1038/s41598-018-36803-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1222117
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