BIOTON® biochar, produced by a wood biomass pyrolysis process, which is usually applied as soil amendment, was investigated for a novel application, i.e., the adsorption of lead from contaminated solutions. The experimental activity included physical and chemical characterization of BIOTON®; and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images to highlight its internal structure. The adsorption process was investigated through batch and column experiments. Adsorption kinetics showed very rapid achievement of equilibrium conditions, i.e., 50 mg/L and 100 mg/L initial Pb concentration at 2 h and 4 h, respectively. Complete removal also occurred within the same time. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller model was a better fit for the equilibrium data of both Pb concentrations, whereas the kinetics were best represented by the pseudo second-order model. Column tests showed that the addition of biochar as an adsorbent media within the bed significantly extended the time of breakthrough and exhaustion, with respect to the column filled with soil only. The values found for the adsorption capacity of BIOTON®- versus lead-containing solutions were comparable to those reported for commercial adsorbents. Therefore, BIOTON® can be considered a valid option: It also offers the additional benefit of allowing the recovery of a residue, which alternately would need to be disposed of.

Application of biochar to the remediation of Pb-contaminated solutions / Boni, Maria Rosaria; Chiavola, Agostina; Marzeddu, Simone. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 10:12(2018), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/su10124440]

Application of biochar to the remediation of Pb-contaminated solutions

Boni, Maria Rosaria
Primo
;
Chiavola, Agostina
Secondo
;
Marzeddu, Simone
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

BIOTON® biochar, produced by a wood biomass pyrolysis process, which is usually applied as soil amendment, was investigated for a novel application, i.e., the adsorption of lead from contaminated solutions. The experimental activity included physical and chemical characterization of BIOTON®; and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images to highlight its internal structure. The adsorption process was investigated through batch and column experiments. Adsorption kinetics showed very rapid achievement of equilibrium conditions, i.e., 50 mg/L and 100 mg/L initial Pb concentration at 2 h and 4 h, respectively. Complete removal also occurred within the same time. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller model was a better fit for the equilibrium data of both Pb concentrations, whereas the kinetics were best represented by the pseudo second-order model. Column tests showed that the addition of biochar as an adsorbent media within the bed significantly extended the time of breakthrough and exhaustion, with respect to the column filled with soil only. The values found for the adsorption capacity of BIOTON®- versus lead-containing solutions were comparable to those reported for commercial adsorbents. Therefore, BIOTON® can be considered a valid option: It also offers the additional benefit of allowing the recovery of a residue, which alternately would need to be disposed of.
2018
Adsorption; batch; biochar; column; lead; remediation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Application of biochar to the remediation of Pb-contaminated solutions / Boni, Maria Rosaria; Chiavola, Agostina; Marzeddu, Simone. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 10:12(2018), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/su10124440]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1217317
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