Since neophytes can become invasive in the future, untangling their ecological preferences is of paramount importance, especially in urban areas where they represent a substantial proportion of the local flora. Studies exploring alien species assemblages in urban environments are however scarce. This study aims to unravel alien plant species preferences for five urban land uses (densely built-up areas, open built-up areas, industrial areas, broadleaved urban forests, and agricultural areas and small landscape elements). We took the city of Brussels as a model, in which we recorded all vascular species growing spontaneously in grid cells of 1 km2. We tested two different ways of classifying the 1-km2 cells: (1) We simply associated each cell with its dominant land cover; (2) We used a fuzzy approach for which the degree of association of a given cell to a given land cover depended on the proportion of that land cover within the cell. For both classification methods, we calculated the indicator species of the resulting land cover types based on alien species only. The crisp and fuzzy classifications identified 33 and 49 species, respectively, with a clear preference for some urban land use types (from a total of 129 alien plant species analyzed). Results showed that urban land use types having apparently similar environmental conditions can actually harbor different neophyte assemblages. Fine-tuning the categorization of urban environments in future ecological studies is therefore important for understanding spatial patterns of alien species occurrence.
Alien plant species do have a clear preference for different land uses within urban environments / Godefroid, Sandrine; Ricotta, Carlo. - In: URBAN ECOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 1083-8155. - 21:6(2018), pp. 1189-1198.
|Titolo:||Alien plant species do have a clear preference for different land uses within urban environments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Alien plant species do have a clear preference for different land uses within urban environments / Godefroid, Sandrine; Ricotta, Carlo. - In: URBAN ECOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 1083-8155. - 21:6(2018), pp. 1189-1198.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|